Pontius Pilate in History and Interpretation

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Cambridge University Press, Dec 2, 2004 - Religion - 276 pages
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This study reconstructs the historical Pontius Pilate and looks at the way in which he is used as a literary character in the works of six first century authors: Philo, Josephus and the four evangelists. The first chapter provides an introduction to the history and formation of the imperial Roman province of Judaea. The following two chapters examine the references to Pilate in Philo and Josephus, looking at each author's biases before going on to assess the historicity of their accounts. The next four chapters look at the portrayal of Pilate in each gospel, asking how a first century reader would have interpreted his actions. Each chapter asks what this portrayal shows about the author's attitude towards the Roman state, and what kind of community found this useful. The conclusion distinguishes between the 'historical Pilate' and the different 'Pilate of interpretation' preserved in our first century literary sources.
 

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Contents

1 Pontius Pilate and the Roman province of Judaea
1
2 Pilate in Philo
24
3 Pilate in Josephus
49
4 Pilate in Marks gospel
94
5 Pilate in Matthews gospel
120
6 Pilate in LukeActs
138
7 Pilate in Johns gospel
163
8 Historical events behind the gospel narratives
194
9 Conclusion
203
Bibliography
208
Index of texts cited
227
Index of modern authors
243
Index of main subjects
247
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