Population Geography

Front Cover
Guilford Press, Dec 15, 1990 - Science - 321 pages
The second edition of this popular and widely acclaimed undergraduate text has been completely rewritten and extended to incorporate the most contemporary perspectives. Drawing from the latest world population data, the book concentrates on: *Evolving patterns of fertility, mortality, and migration *The spatial and temporal processes that fashion them * Resultant problems * Remedial strategies. Illustrated with a wide range of case studies drawn from all parts of the world, Population Geography clearly depicts the cause-and-effect links between demographic change and the socio-economic transformation of societies.
 

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Contents

The Nature of Population Geography
1
The roots of population geography
2
its changing emphasis
4
The way forward
6
Introduction to Population Growth and Regulation
8
Stepped growth
9
Eras of stability
10
Periods of growth
16
Programme influences
147
Decomposition studies
149
District studies
155
Survey analyses
156
Community studies
158
Problems of Population Growth and Age Composition
160
Malthusian pessimism
162
Technological optimism
164

The demographic transition
18
Mortality International Variations
22
Data quality
27
Mortality and development
28
Northwestern Europe
35
North America
46
Southern and eastern Europe the Soviet Union Japan
47
Less developed countries
49
Mortality Variations Within Countries
59
Community of residence
67
Other differentials
69
Spatial patterns
70
Western Europe
77
Malaria in Sri Lanka
88
Schistosomiasis in Africa
92
Fertility Patterns Developed Countries
95
Measures of fertility
96
Proximate determinants of fertility
99
Fertility decline theory
100
Fertility in preindustrial Europe
104
The modern fertility transition in Europe
109
The transition outside Europe
115
Posttransition trends
117
Differential fertility
122
Spatial analyses
128
Fertility Patterns Less Developed Countries
133
the overall pattern
138
Development influences
139
Cultural influences
142
Neutralism
165
Sustaining lifesupport systems
167
Recent trends in the populationfood balance
168
Problems of changing age composition
172
The Analysis of Migration
176
What is migration? Temporal and spatial dimensions
177
Data sources
179
Macroanalytical models
187
Microanalytical perspectives and models
197
A systems approach
203
The Political Economy of Internal Migration
205
the Scottish experience
207
Counterurbanization
214
Ruraltourban movements in less developed countries
218
the way forward
225
International Migration
227
European expansion overseas
228
Forced migrations and refugees
235
Modern permanentsettlement immigration
239
Spatial networks of migrant labour
242
Circulation of the highly skilled
252
Population Policies
254
Antinatalist policies
260
Population redistribution in developed countries
271
Population redistribution in less developed countries
274
1992 World Population Data
277
References
284
Index
317
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