Population and Development in the Third World
Allan and Anne Findlay argue that a nation's human population is a vital resource in the development process. Changes in its composition - increased life expectancy combined with a falling birth rate, for example - can have profound effects upon a society. Warfare and mass migration of male workers also have long-reaching effects on those left behind. The rapid growth of Third World populations has often incorrectly been identified as the major force preventing more rapid economic development. Population pressure has been known to generate technological breakthroughs. Their final chapter examines family planning programmes, and concludes by asking who benefits most from population policies and questioning the right of developed countries to advocate family planning programmes for Third World nations.
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Africa age cohort Asia average Bangladesh beneﬁts cent chapter China crude birth rates cultural Daughter born demographic transition difﬁcult drought economic development environment Ethiopia example expectancy factors family planning programmes famine female fertility decline fertility levels fertility transition ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂows food production geographical GNP per capita Green Revolution impact increase India Indonesia industrial infant mortality rates inﬂuence Islamic Islamic countries labour Latin America less developed countries Malthus million Morocco mortality and fertility number of births occur patterns population and development population change population growth population growth rates population planning population policies population pyramids problems Rabat rapid population growth rates of population reduce fertility reﬂects regions relationship between population result rural—urban migration signiﬁcant social and economic society socio-economic speciﬁc standards of living Third World Third World cities Third World countries total fertility rate Tunis Tunisia urban areas variables women World Fertility Survey World Population