Population response of the northern red-backed vole (Clethrionomys rutilus) to differentially cut white spruce forest
Stephen D. West, R. Glenn Ford, John C. Zasada, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station (Portland, Or.)
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, 1980 - Nature - 15 pages
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1972 snap trapping abundant microtine average home range Bonanza Creek Experimental breeding females breeding season burned area captured clearcut and shelterwood clearcut bottom center Clethrionomys abundance curves disturbed areas edge effect edge-caught animals gapperi grassland grid with l0-m interior Alaska June l2 l-hectare l.6-hectare clearcut l0 grid l0-m trap spacing Livetrapping logged areas maniculatus Martell and Radvanyi Maximum density Microtus moss cover number of breeding number of litters number of voles occidentalis overwintering females Peromyscus plant taxa probability of locating reach trappable age recruitment of young red-backed vole reproductive resident animals resident voles rings of traps rolled oats scarified and unscarified September trapping shelterwood and clearcut small mammal Sorex study area Subadult survival Subadult voles suitable overwintering sites three logging treatments total number trapping grid trapping period trapping was conducted unburned forest uncut forest unscarified ground voles between areas voles per hectare voles residing white spruce forest Whitney l976 young per litter