Populism in Twentieth Century Mexico: The Presidencies of L‡zaro C‡rdenas and Luis Echeverr’a
Amelia Marie Kiddle, Mar’a Leonor Olin Mu–oz
University of Arizona Press, 2010 - History - 296 pages
Mexican presidents L‡zaro C‡rdenas (1934–1940) and Luis Echeverr’a (1970–1976) used populist politics in an effort to obtain broad-based popular support for their presidential goals. In spite of differences in administrative plans, both aimed to close political divisions within society, extend government programs to those on the margins of national life, and prevent foreign ideologies and practices from disrupting domestic politics. As different as they were in political style, both relied on appealing to the public through mass media, clothing styles, and music.
This volume brings together twelve original essays that explore the concept of populism in twentieth century Mexico. Contributors analyze the presidencies of two of the century’s most clearly populist figures, evaluating them against each other and in light of other Latin American and Mexican populist leaders. In order to examine both positive and negative effects of populist political styles, contributors also show how groups as diverse as wild yam pickers in 1970s Oaxaca and intellectuals in 1930s Mexico City had access to and affected government projects.
The chapters on the Echeverr’a presidency are written by contributors at the forefront of emerging scholarship on this topic and demonstrate new approaches to this critical period in Mexican history. Through comparisons to Echeverr’a, contributors also shed new light on the C‡rdenas presidency, suggesting fresh areas of investigation into the work of Mexico’s quintessentially populist leader. Ranging in approach from environmental history to labor history, the essays in this volume present a complex picture of twentieth century populism in Mexico.
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About the Contributors
administration agrarian reform Alan Knight anthropology Archives barbasco Bartra Basurto became Buchenau caciques Calles's campaign campesinos Cardenas and Echeverria Cardenas's cardenismo cardenista chapter charros citizens communities corridos corruption Costa countryside created Cuauhtemoc Cardenas cultural demands democracy democratic Diaz Ordaz Echever Echeverna Echeverria's populist economic ejidatarios ejidos El Universal Excťlsior forces forest Forestry Guerrero bronco guerrilla indigenismo industry Institute Knight labor land Latin America Lazaro Cardenas leaders legacy legajo legitimacy Lopez Luis Echeverria massacre ment Mexican Presidency Mexican Revolution Mexico City Mexico City police military mobilization Monterrey movement National Congress Oaxaca Obregon October organized party PDLP peasants Plutarco Elias Calles police chiefs police corruption political style popu popular populism populist populist political presidential preventative police problems projects promoted Proquivemex radical regime regional repression revolutionary rhetoric role rural sector sexenio social student tion Tlatelolco union University urban workers