Poverty and Low Income in the Nordic Countries

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Björn Gustafsson, Peder J. Pedersen
Ashgate, 2000 - Social Science - 215 pages
It concludes that: transfer payments from the public sector are largely responsible for the fact that, from an international point of view, relatively few people suffer from poverty in Nordic countries, ie. the welfare state works. Poverty among the elderly has fallen drastically since the mid 1970s as pension systems introduced earlier had taken effect. Poverty is increasing among the young population, ie. the welfare state has not developed a system to provide for young people who do not have the skills to enter the labour market. For many, poverty is short term, but having been poor early on increases the risk of returning to poverty. So far the Nordic countries have been relatively homogeneous, but inequality is on the increase.

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