Practicing Archaeology: A Training Manual for Cultural Resources Archaeology
Practicing cultural resource (CRM) archaeologists bemoan the lack of knowledge, skill, and training of most archaeological field workers. This comprehensive training manual is designed to solve that problem. Neumann and Sanford use their decades of field experience to discuss in great detail the complex processes involved in conducting a CRM project. Dealing with everything from law to logistics, archival research to zoological analysis, project proposals to report production, they provide an invaluable sourcebook to archaeologists who do contract work in North America. After an introduction to the legal and ethical aspects of cultural resources management, the authors describe the process of designing a proposal and contracting for work, doing background research, conducting assessment, testing, and mitigation (Phase I, II, and III) work, laboratory analysis, and preparing a report for the project sponsor. Throughout, the emphasis on real-world problems and issues, the use of extensive examples, and the detailed advice on a host of subjects, make this an ideal teaching tool for novice archaeologists and field schools and a handy reference for experienced CRM archaeologists. The accompanying student textbook by the same authors, Cultural Resources Archaeology: An Introduction introduces the basic elements of CRM work to undergraduates.
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Laws Regulations and Protocols
Proposals and Contracts
Preparing the Project Background
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academic adverse effects Agency Official analysis Anthropology archaeological sites artifacts background basic budget Chapter client consulting parties contract Council crew criteria cultural resources data recovery plan depositional integrity documentation eligible for listing environmental excavation Federal agency field notes firm flagging tape funding guidelines Historic Preservation Officer historic properties horizon Indian tribe involved issue labeled laboratory land landscape landscape history located materials midwestern United National Park Service National Register Native Hawaiian needs NEPA NHPA nomination percent personnel Phase I report Phase I survey Phase II testing Phase III data Phase III project photographs plowed plowzone potential practicing archaeologist prehistoric private-sector procedures professional archaeologist project area project manager project map project-hires proposed records responsibility Section 106 Process shovel test SHPO SHPO/THPO situations soil soil horizon structure surface test units THPO transects undertaking usually