Pragmatic Markers and Sociolinguistic Variation: A Relevance-theoretic Approach to the Language of Adolescents
John Benjamins Publishing, 2001 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 352 pages
This book combines theoretical work in linguistic pragmatics and sociolinguistics with empirical work based on a corpus of London adolescent conversation. It makes a general contribution to the study of pragmatic markers, as it proposes an analytical model that involves notions such as subjectivity, interactional and textual capacity, and the distinction between contextual alignment/divergence. These notions are defined according to how information contained in an utterance interacts with the cognitive environment of the hearer. Moreover, the model captures the diachronic development of markers from lexical items via processes of grammaticalisation, arguing that markerhood may be viewed as a gradient phenomenon.
The empirical work concerns the use of like as a marker, as well as a characteristic use of two originally interrogative forms, innit and is it, which are used as attitudinal markers throughout the inflectional paradigm, despite the fact that they contain a third person singular neuter pronoun. The author provides an in-depth analysis of these features in terms of pragmatic functions, diachronic development and sociolinguistic variation, thus adding support to the hypothesis that adolescents play an important role in language variation and change.
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A-signal adolescent adult age groups analysis Andersen argue attitudinal BNC/London canonical follow-ups canonical realisation canonical tags collocation COLT communicated concept considered contextual assumptions contextual background contribute conversation corpus D-signal described diachronic discourse distribution encoded English epistemic ethnic minority examples fact factors follow-up innit form innit frequency gender gonna grammaticalisation Hence Hertfordshire hypothesis illocutionary illocutionary force implicatures inflectional paradigm innit/is instance invariant follow-up invariant innit invariant tags investigation involves Josie lexeme lexical linguistic London teenage metalinguistic Mothercare non-identical resemblance non-paradigmatic noun phrases occur paradigmatic person singular neuter phonological pragmatic functions pragmatic markers proposition expressed propositional meaning relevance relevance theory represent semantic signal significant social class sociolinguistic speaker groups speech act Sperber Stenstrom subjective suggest syntactic tag innit tag questions tags and follow-ups third person singular tion tokens Traugott Truno variation verb verb phrases yeah
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