This is an introduction to pragmatics, the study of how people make sense of each other linguistically. The author explains, and illustrates, basic concepts such as the co-operative principle, deixis, and speech acts, providing a clear, concise foundation for further study.
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Definitions and background
Deixis and distance
Reference and inference
Presupposition and entailment
Cooperation and implicature
Speech acts and events
Politeness and interaction
Conversation and preference structure
Discourse and culture
action actually addressee adjacency pair analysis anaphoric answer assertion assumption basic called Cambridge University Press Chapter Charles Fillmore communicated concept context conventional conversation analysis conversational implicature cooperative principle cultural deictic expressions described discourse discussion distal distance distinction English entailment entity example expected explicit performative expres face saving act face wants GEOFFREY LEECH GEOFFREY NUNBERG HARVEY SACKS hearer identify illocutionary force illustrated indicate indirect speech act inference insertion sequence intended interaction interpreted involved JOHN SEARLE language linguistic forms listener locutionary act Mary pregnant maxims meaning negative politeness normally noun phrases overlap PAUL GRICE performative verb pragmatics pre-request presented presupposed promise pronoun question recognized referring expression relationship relevant request response scalar implicature Semantics sentence sequence shown sion social someone spatial deixis speaker assumes specific speech event statement structure talk temporal deixis things tion typically utterance words