Preschool Adequacy and Efficiency in California: Issues, Policy Options, and Recommendations
Facing mounting evidence that California has fallen behind on many key indicators of educational performance, policy makers and the public share considerable interest in exploring whether California should expand public funding for preschool education. This expanded funding will be most effective if resources can be directed to their most efficient uses. Doing so requires an understanding of how resources are currently allocated, what educational objectives preschool education can help achieve, and where preschool resources can be most effective. To investigate these issues, the RAND Corporation undertook a multicomponent study called the California Preschool Study to examine the adequacy and efficiency of preschool education in California. Researchers completed three studies to advance knowledge of (1) gaps in school readiness and achievement in the early grades among California children and the potential for high-quality preschool programs to close existing gaps, (2) the use of early care and education (ECE) services among California's children and the quality of those experiences, and (3) the system of publicly funded ECE programs in California in the two years before kindergarten entry. The objective of this analysis, the fourth and final study component, is to integrate the results from the series of studies, as well as relevant prior research, and make recommendations to advance preschool adequacy and efficiency in California.
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Chapter One Introduction
Chapter Two Adequacy and Efficiency of Preschool Educationin California
Chapter Three Design Options for State Preschool Systems
Chapter Four Recommendations for Preschool Policy inCalifornia
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accreditation achievement gaps adequacy and efficiency African Americans allocation approaches Associate’s degree Barnett benefit California State Preschool CalWORKs center-based ECE center-based programs Chicago CPC child development child-staff ratios Children in California data system delivery ECE Subsidies effect size effect sizes Elibibility eligibility rate eligibility rules English-language arts enrollment evaluation expand access family child-care homes federal four-year-olds FRPM eligibility funded ECE programs Ghosh-Dastidar grams Head Start high-quality preschool programs higher implementation Income eligibility income group kindergarten entry Latinos licensing measures ment NAEYC options partial subsidy percent percentage Perry Preschool place-based eligibility poverty poverty line preschool adequacy preschool education preschool participation preschool policy preschool system preschool-age children programs serving providers publicly funded ECE QRIS quality improvements quality rating raising quality RAND RAND Corporation Reardon recommendations require school readiness serving children standards state’s student achievement subsidized ECE Table targeting rule teacher third grade three-year-olds universal preschool ZIP Code