Present Philosophical Tendencies: A Critical Survey of Naturalism, Idealism, Pragmatism, and Realism Together with a Synopsis of the Philosophy of William James, Page 464

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Longmans, Green, 1912 - Philosophy, Modern - 383 pages
"To avoid any misunderstanding as to the scope of the present book, let me say at the outset that with the exception of the Appendix, it is a critique, rather than a history. I have attempted not merely to summarize, but to estimate, present philosophical tendencies; and my criticism is throughout based on the realistic philosophy which I set forth constructively only at the end"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).


Illustrations of Scientific Method Galileos Conception of Acceleration
The Conception of Mass 9 The Conservation of Energy
The Analytical Version of Scientific Concepts
NAÏVE AND CRITICAL NATURALISM 1 The Two Varieties of Naturalism 2 Three Characteristic Philosophical Errors The Specula tive Dogma
Pseudosimplicity and Indefinite Potentiality 84 Naïve Naturalism Büchners Monism of Matter 5 Spencers Monism of Force
Haeckels Monism of Substance 7 Critical Naturalism 8 The Sensationalism of Karl Pearson 9 The Modified Position of Ernst Mach 10 The Experim...
RELIGION AND THE LIMITS OF SCIENCE 1 Religious Philosophy and the Limits of Science
Naturalism and Supernaturalism 3 The General Character of Contemporary Criticism of Science
The Fallibility of Science 5 The Disparagement of the Descriptive Method 6 The Ideal of Descriptive Economy
The Option of Hypotheses
The Real Cause and Mere Description 9 The Unreality of Space and Time The Kantian Argu ment
Infinity and Continuity
The Priority of Consciousness
12 Science as a Limited Body of Truth
Platonic Idealism or Teleological Rationalism
Rationalism Purged of Teleology by Spinoza
The Idealistic Revolution
The Beginnings of Modern Idealism The Dualistic Ver sion of Knowledge
Berkeleys Refutation of Dualism
Epistemological Monism
The Argument from the Egocentric Predicament
The Cardinal Principle and the Berkeleyan Proofs in Con temporary Idealism
The Sceptical Crisis in Hume
Kant to the Rescue The Categories and Synthetic Unity
Kants Relations to Idealism
Diverse Tendencies Critical Idealism

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Page 1 - The End of our Foundation is the knowledge of Causes, and secret motions of things ' ; and the enlarging of the bounds of Human Empire, to the effecting of all things possible.
Page 324 - ... accidental collocations of atoms; that no fire, no heroism, no intensity of thought and feeling can preserve an individual life beyond the grave; that all the labours of the ages, all the devotion, all the inspiration, all the noonday brightness of human genius, are destined to extinction in the vast death of the solar system; and that the whole temple of Man's achievement must inevitably be buried beneath the debris of a universe in ruins...
Page 106 - But, say you, surely there is nothing easier than for me to imagine trees, for instance, in a park, or books existing in a closet, and nobody by to perceive them. I answer, you may so, there is no difficulty in it; but what is all this, I beseech you, more than framing in your mind certain ideas which you call books and trees, and at the same time omitting to frame the idea of any one that may perceive them?
Page 323 - ... Brief and powerless is man's life ; on him and all his race the slow sure doom falls pitiless and dark. Blind to good and evil, reckless of destruction, omnipotent matter rolls on its relentless way; for Man, condemned to-day to lose his dearest, to-morrow himself to pass through the gate of darkness, it remains only to cherish, ere yet the blow falls, the lofty thoughts that ennoble his little day...
Page 283 - As to the first question, we may observe that what we call a mind is nothing but a heap or collection of different perceptions, united together by certain relations, and supposed, though falsely, to be endowed with a perfect simplicity and identity.
Page 221 - Everything you can think of, however vast or inclusive, has on the pluralistic view a genuinely 'external' environment of some sort or amount. Things are 'with' one another in many ways, but nothing includes everything, or dominates over everything. The word 'and' trails along after every sentence.
Page 347 - Faith means belief in something concerning which doubt is still theoretically possible; and as the test of belief is willingness to act, one may say that faith is the readiness to act in a cause the prosperous issue of which is not certified to us in advance.
Page 332 - The world experienced (otherwise called the 'field of consciousness') comes at all times with our body as its centre, centre of vision, centre of action, centre of interest. Where the body is is 'here'; when the body acts is 'now'; what the body touches is 'this'; all other things are 'there' and 'then
Page 144 - And so with dialectic ; when a person starts on the discovery of the absolute by the light of reason only, and without any assistance of sense, and perseveres until by pure intelligence he arrives at the perception of the absolute good, he at last finds himself at the end of the intellectual world, as in the case of sight at the end of the visible.
Page 261 - Whenever my introspective glance succeeds in turning round quickly enough to catch one of these manifestations of spontaneity in the act, all it can ever feel distinctly is some bodily process, for the most part taking place within the head.

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