Preventing Gang- and Drug-related Witness Intimidation

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DIANE Publishing, 1996 - Social Science - 152 pages
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Examines steps that law enforcement agencies & prosecutors' offices across the country have taken to prevent witness intimidation, describes how jurisdictions have carried out these strategies, & offers a blueprint for combining these discrete approaches into a comprehensive, structured program to protect witnesses & ensure their cooperation. Discusses the nature & extent of witness intimidation, traditional approaches to security, witness relocation, preventing intimidation in courtrooms & jails, reducing community-wide intimidation, developing a comprehensive witness security program, legal issues, & sources of help.
 

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Contents

IV
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V
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VI
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VII
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VIII
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X
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XI
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XII
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XXXIV
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XXXV
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XXXVI
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XXXVII
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XXXVIII
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XL
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XLI
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XLII
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XIII
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XIV
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XXI
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XXIV
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XXVIII
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XXIX
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XXXI
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XXXIII
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XLIII
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XLIV
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XLV
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XLVI
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XLVII
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XLVIII
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LIII
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LV
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LVI
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LVII
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LVIII
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LIX
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LX
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Page 133 - criminal gang activity, and who willfully promotes, furthers, or assists in any felonious criminal conduct by members of that gang, shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for a period not to exceed one year, or by imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months, or 2 or 3 years.
Page 135 - criminal street gang" means any ongoing organization, association, or group of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, having as one of its primary activities the commission of one or more of the criminal acts enumerated in paragraphs (1) to
Page 135 - inclusive, of subdivision (e), having a common name or common identifying sign or symbol, and whose members individually or collectively engage in or have engaged in a pattern of criminal gang activity. G. This section shall remain in effect only
Page 136 - is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter, including the application of that part or provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby and shall continue in full force and effect. To this end, the
Page 134 - imprisonment in the state prison for life, shall not be paroled until a minimum of 15 calendar years have been served. C. If the court grants probation or suspends the execution of sentence imposed upon the defendant for a violation of subdivision (a), or in cases involving a true
Page 136 - that he or she has 30 days from the date of receipt of the notice to respond to the court clerk to confirm his or her desire for a hearing and that the failure to respond shall result in a default order forfeiting the confiscated firearm,
Page 133 - of terror created by street gangs. The Legislature further finds that an effective means of punishing and deterring the criminal activities of street gangs is through forfeiture of the profits, proceeds, and instrumentalities acquired, accumulated, or used by street gangs. (Added by Stats. 1988, c. 1242, 1,
Page 135 - 23. Possession of a pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person in violation of paragraph
Page 135 - Any firearm, ammunition which may be used with the firearm, or any deadly or dangerous weapon which is owned or possessed by a member of a criminal street gang for the purpose of the commission of any of the offenses listed in subdivision (c) of Section 186.22,
Page 137 - punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by a

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