Prevention of Substance Abuse
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2008 - Law - 171 pages
The aim of this report is to assess the effectiveness of measures for the prevention of substance abuse drawing on high quality surveys including reviews and meta-analyses. Effectiveness, in this context, means impact in preventing, delaying or reducing children's and young people's consumption of tobacco and alcohol as well as cannabis and other illicit psychoactive substances. The study covers preventive measures that are both behavioral and environmental (i.e. based on consumption environment and context). It presents conclusions about the effectiveness of measures in a range of settings as well as substance-specific conclusions. The conclusions reported are rated according to the strength of the evidence on which they are based. Observations on gender-specific effectiveness, on negative consequences of addiction-prevention measures and on efficiency are also included. In addition, the theoretical background to effective measures is described and assessed.--Publisher's description.
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addiction prevention addiction-prevention measures alcohol consumption Alcohol Undifferentiated Leisure approach authors BZgA Cochrane Library Community UNDIFFERENTIATED Legislation consumption behaviour cross-system projects Drug Abuse drugs Community UNDIFFERENTIATED effect size EFFECTIVENESS UNIVERSAL Family effects on consumption elaboration likelihood model elements Selective School evaluation Family Tobacco Key Field of intervention high quality studies illicit drugs Community implementation individual studies influence intervention Substance EFFECTIVENESS involving Key elements Selective Kroger legal drinking age Legislation and regulations Leisure Cannabis Media mass-media campaigns Media Other illicit meta-analysis parents peers prevention measures prevention programmes preventive effects problem behaviour protective factors RCTs regulations Undifferentiated Focus relevant Results Target group risk factors School Alcohol Undifferentiated school-based programmes Selective School Alcohol sleeper effects social substance abuse substance consumption Substance EFFECTIVENESS UNIVERSAL substance-related disorders systematic review Target group Field theory Tobacco Key elements Tobler Type of article Undifferentiated Leisure Cannabis UNIVERSAL Family Tobacco unsystematic young people's