Primer for Design of Commercial Buildings to Mitigate Terrorist Attacks: Providing Protection to People and Buildings
FEMA, 2003 - Architecture - 108 pages
Manual contains extensive qualitative design guidance for limiting or mitigating the effects of terrorist attacks, focusing primarily on explosions, but also addressing chemical, biological, and radiological attacks.
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air intakes air-blast pressure annealed glass approach architectural biological blast bollard building damage building envelope building exterior Center chemical cladding columns components concrete considered construction contaminant curb deﬁned difﬁcult ductile efﬁciency elevator Emergency Power System Engineers enhance evacuation event explosive attack explosive loads explosive threat exterior wall facility failure FEMA Figure ﬁlter ﬁre ﬁrst ﬂoor system ﬂying debris Force frame function glass hardening hazards HEPA HVAC impact injuries interior layout level of protection limit lobby located louvers man-made hazards measures mechanical rooms minimize mitigate the effects multi-family residential nonstructural occupants ofﬁce building Oklahoma City Bombing perimeter line placed planter potential prevent progressive collapse protective design recommended reduce redundant reﬂected reinforced release resist response roof Schematic showing Section shear shock wave signiﬁcant slab space speciﬁc terrorist attacks tion TNT equivalent tural typically U.S. Army U.S. Department unsecured areas vehicle weapon Washington window systems zones