Principles of Environmental Chemistry

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Jones & Bartlett Publishers, Sep 22, 2009 - Science - 687 pages
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Today there is worldwide concern that many of our human activities are endangering—perhaps permanently—the quality of the environment. We must act fast to address these growing problems. The second edition of Principles of Environmental Chemistry exposes readers to environmental issues from a perspective that appreciates that chemical reactions drive all natural processes and outlines the connection between those processes and human behavior. Written for students with knowledge of general chemistry, this text provides the tools needed to understand the underlying chemical processes operating in the environment, while demonstrating how challenging it is to measure these systems. With this concept of interdependence students will begin to understand pressing environmental issues like ozone depletion, global warming, air and water pollution, and the hazards of radioactivity.
 

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Contents

Rocks Life and History
2
The Flow of Energy Through Ecosystems
18
The Earths Atmosphere
40
The Earths Atmosphere
52
Global Warming and Climate Change
66
Chemistry of the Troposphere
92
Chemistry of the Stratosphere
124
Analysis of Air and Air Pollutants
146
Organic Chemicals in the Environment
402
Insecticides Herbicides and Insect Control
440
Problems with Synthetic Pesticides
450
Toxicology
464
AlkylationofDNA
491
Asbestos
500
The Disposal of Dangerous Wastes
532
APPENDIX A Solubility Products Ksp
566

Water Resources
182
Water Pollution and Water Treatment
214
Analysis of Water and Wastewater
250
Our Major Source of Energy
276
Nuclear Power
310
Uses of Radioisotopes
325
Energy Sources for the Future
344
Inorganic Metals in the Environment
374
APPENDIX B Dissociation Constants for Acids and Bases in Aqueous Solution at 25C
570
Standard Redox Potentials in Aqueous Solutions
572
An Introduction to Organic Chemistry
573
APPENDIX E Answers to EvenNumbered Questions
617
PHOTO CREDITS
651
INDEX
653
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