Principles of Human Geography

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Page 254 - We are now ready to ask ourselves what parts of the world have the best climate. Remember that the best climate has three chief characteristics: (1) It must have cool but not cold winters, as a mental stimulus, and warm, but not hot summers as a physical stimulus. (2) It must have a fairly high humidity except in warm weather. (3) It must have frequent changes of weather. No region on earth fully satisfies all three of these requirements. Southeastern England and the neighboring parts of continental...
Page 375 - It has been found that practically all of the wide area lying between the coast range of the eastern Mediterranean and the Euphrates, appearing upon the maps as the Syrian Desert, an area embracing somewhat more than 20,000 square miles, was more thickly populated than any area of similar dimensions in England or in the United States is today if one excludes the immediate vicinity of the large modern cities.
Page 254 - Farther east, in Germany, the conditions are much like those of the southern New England States and New York except that changes are not quite so numerous nor so extreme. The northern United States east of the Rocky Mountains is almost ideal in its number of storms and its humidity, but its winters are too cold and its summers often too hot. The western coast of the United States, on the contrary, is almost ideal as to temperature and has a favorable degree of humidity most of the time. It does not...
Page 315 - The man who is starving has little thought of right or wrong. To have such thoughts would seem to him fatal. If considerations of humanity or any other moral...
Page 284 - In the next place, since the enrichment of the soil enables the fanner to devote his energies to one particular piece of land he is likely to build new rice beds, take care that he has a good supply of water, and that all his little ditches and dikes are in good order.
Page 248 - The geographical distribution of health and energy, depends upon climate and weather, more than on any other single factor. The well-known contrast between the energetic people of the most progressive part of the temperate zone and the most inhabitants of the tropics is largely due to climate.
Page iii - THE purpose of this book is, first, to set forth the great principles of geography in its human aspects; second, to provide a comprehensive, but easily taught text book for students who have reached an age when they begin to think for themselves; and, third, to furnish to normal school students and to teachers in elementary schools a book which will give them a solid grounding in the human relationships which they are eager to teach.
Page 256 - Such people are likely to be inventive or to make improvements and carry out reforms. They do not necessarily have more ideas than others, but their energy makes it possible to put the ideas into practice. In an invigorating climate it is also easier to be honest and sober and self-controlled than in a more enervating one. It is much easier to speak the truth or to control one's temper when one feels strong than when one feels weak. People who live in good climates are apt to look down upon those...
Page 284 - Under good conditions 50 pounds of rice will furnish seed for an acre of transplanted rice, and the yield will be 2,500 pounds or fifty-fold. This amount, when combined with some beans or meat to furnish protein, is ample food for five adults a year. Thus a population of 2,000 per square mile is possible. On that basis all the people in the United States could be supported on an area equal to New York...
Page 284 - The rice fields are surrounded by mud embankments so constructed that water can be held there week after week, not standing perfectly still, but gently moving. The beds are occasionally weeded with care and finally the crop is harvested promptly so that the ripe grains may not fall out and be lost.

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