Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure
New textbooks at all levels of chemistry appear with great regularity. Some fields like basic biochemistry, organic reaction mechanisms, and chemical ther modynamics are well represented by many excellent texts, and new or revised editions are published sufficiently often to keep up with progress in research. However, some areas of chemistry, especially many of those taught at the grad uate level, suffer from a real lack of up-to-date textbooks. The most serious needs occur in fields that are rapidly changing. Textbooks in these subjects usually have to be written by scientists actually involved in the research which is advancing the field. It is not often easy to persuade such individuals to set time aside to help spread the knowledge they have accumulated. Our goal, in this series, is to pinpoint areas of chemistry where recent progress has outpaced what is covered in any available textbooks, and then seek out and persuade experts in these fields to produce relatively concise but instructive introductions to their fields. These should serve the needs of one semester or one quarter graduate courses in chemistry and biochemistry. In some cases the availability of texts in active research areas should help stimulate the creation of new courses. CHARLES R. CANTOR New York Preface This monograph is based on a review on polynucleotide structures written for a book series in 1976.
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addition adenine adjacent adopt amino acid anti appears arrangement associated atoms B-DNA base base-pairs binding Biol calculations changes Chapter charge Chem chemical closed complex conformation coordination crystal structure Cz-endo depending derivatives described diffraction display distance double helix double-helical effect electron energy fiber Figure formation geometry given glycosyl guanine helices hydration hydrogen bonds increasing indicated interactions intercalation involved latter left-handed loop major groove metal ions methods minor molecules Nature nucleic acids nucleotides observed obtained occur orientation oxygen pair pattern phosphate phosphate groups polynucleotide position potential protein purine pyrimidine range relative residues ribose right-handed ring rotation salt sequence shown side similar single solution specific stabilized stacking strand studies substituents sugar puckering suggested Table tion torsion angles transition tRNA turn twist unit values water molecules Watson-Crick X-ray Z-DNA