Print Culture in Loughrea, 1850-1900: Reading, Writing and Printing in an Irish Provincial Town
This study examines the demand for and supply of print in Loughrea in the second half of the nineteenth century. Literacy levels grew steadily throughout the period and print became an integral part of business and social life. But what were people reading? This study looks at the access to reading facilities provided by reading rooms and the books available through the education system. Loughrea had a printing tradition going back to the middle of the eighteenth century and was unique in the later nineteenth century in having the only literary and local affairs journal published in the west of Ireland. The Loughrea Illustrated Journal was published between 1857 and 1884. The bulk of the content was literary extracts from external sources but it also contained local literary works, news and comment and advertisements from local businesses. It provides a unique insight into the town throughout its long publication run. The journal was published by Thomas Kelly and later by Michel S. Kelly, the family printing and publishing business which supplied much of the printed material for Loughrea during this period and well into the twentieth century.
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The demand for print in Loughrea
The supply of print in Loughrea
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19th century advertised agricultural labourer Attymon Ballinasloe bookseller Bride Street Catholic census Census Data Charles Gavin Charter School Ciosain Clanricarde commercial directory Commissioners Connacht demand for print directory of Ireland District of Loughrea Dublin emigration entries established Famine female Galway Vindicator hedge school Ibid included Irish education Irish history Irish language issue JGAHS Kelly's bookshop Kelly's reading room Lady Gregory literacy levels literacy rates Literary Club literate literature Loughrea Illustrated Journal Loughrea printing Loughrea Social Main Street marriage registration data McClintock Dix Michael national system newspapers noted O'Donovan paper pay schools percentage period political population print culture print in Loughrea printed material printer provincial printing published Raymond Gillespie reading material religious Repeal Association Repeal reading room schools in Loughrea Slater's Directory Social and Literary St Brendan's stocked subscribers Temperance Society themes Thomas Kelly titles Tuam Herald Young Ireland