Prisoner of History: Aspasia of Miletus and Her Biographical Tradition
Oxford University Press, 1995 - 201 páginas
According to legend, Aspasia of Miletus was a courtesan, the teacher of Socrates, and the political adviser of her lover Pericles. Next to Sappho and Cleopatra, she is the best known woman of the ancient Mediterranean. Yet continued uncritical reception of her depiction in Attic comedy and naive acceptance of Plutarch's account of her in his Life of Pericles prevent us from understanding who she was and what her contributions to Greek thought may have been. In the first study of its type, Madeleine Henry combines traditional philological and historical methods of analysis with feminist critical perspectives in order to trace the construction of Aspasia's biographical tradition from ancient times to the present. Through her analysis of both literary and historical evidence, Henry determines the ways in which Aspasia has become an icon of the sexually attractive and politically influential female, how this construction has prevented her from taking her rightful place as a contributor to the philosophical enterprise, and how continued belief in this icon has helped sexualize all women's intellectual achievements. An important corrective to the historical literature on Aspasia of Miletus, Prisoner of History will interest scholars in a wide range of disciplines, including classics, ancient history, philosophy, and women's studies.
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1 Aspasia in Greek History
2 The Story Told by Comedy
3 Aspasia and the Socratic Tradition
Aspasia and the Discourse on Prostitutes in the Hellenistic Roman and Late Antique Periods
5 Aspasia in the Postclassical West
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Abelard Aeschines Alcibiades Amymone ancient antiquity Antisthenes arete Aristophanes Aspasia and Pericles Aspazija Athenaeus Athenian Athens Axiochus biographical tradition bios Bouliar Bruns Callias century B.C. chap citizenship law claim Classical Cleone comic concubine courtesan Cratinus Critoboulus death Deutung dialogue Diotima discussion Ehlers epitaphios eros erotic Eupolis female feminist FGrH fifth-century frag fragments Greek Hamerling Hellenistic Heloise Heloise's Heraclides Hermippus Herodicus hetaira ibid identified intellectual Invention of Athens Landor Leopardi letter lives Loraux lovers Lysicles male marriage matchmaker Megarian Memorabilia Menexenus mention Aspasia metic Milesian Miletus mother notes nothos novel Oeconomicus Old Comedy pagan painting Peloponnesian Peloponnesian War Peri Hetairon Pericles Pericles and Aspasia Pericles junior Phidias philosophical Plato play Plut Plutarch polis political portrait reference relationship reputation rhetoric role sexual Socrates sources speech Sphettos Stadter Stahnke suggests Symposium Synesius Thargelia Theodote tion treatise University Press whore wife woman women writing Xanthippus Xenophon