Private Sector Training--who Gets it and what are Its Effects?: Prepared for the U.S. Department of Labor
Training after high school in the United States was studied to determine who is trained and the extent of training, as well as economic consequences of training. Data sources were the Current Population Survey (CPS) of 1983, the National Longitudinal Surveys (NLS) of Labor Market Experience (NLS Young Men, Mature Men, and Women cohorts for 1967 to 1980); and the Employment Opportunities Pilot Projects Surveys (training of the economically disadvantaged in 1979 and 1980). It was found that nearly 40% of both men and women in the CPS reported undertaking training to improve current job skills. For a given 2-year period in the NLS, the fractions of young men, career women, and mature men reporting some training were about 30%, 24%, and 10%, respectively. For all three groups, the employer was the single most important source of training. Only 11% of the disadvantaged sample reported some training over a similar time interval, with a relatively low proportion getting training from company sources. Also assessed are analyses concerning factors that determine the probability of getting training for each source and type of training, and the effects of training on earnings, earnings growth, and employment stability. (SW)
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THE DETERMINANTS OF TRAINING
THE ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF TRAINING
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allocative efficiency annual earnings business and technical company training current job Current Population Survey determinants of training Duration effects of training effects on earnings employers EOPP sample formal schooling getting training improve skills informal OJT interval job tenure kinds of training labor force labor market conditions labor market experience likelihood of getting likelihood of training likelihood of unemployment managerial training national unemployment NLS Young nonwhite panel percent level post-school training PREVALENCE OF TRAINING Probability of Training probit estimates probit models professional and technical regular school training reported training SCHLT12 School Managerial Schooling 12 semiskilled manual SHAT Source and Type sources of training Standard errors Table technical change technical schools technological change traditional schools training by source training effects training events training from regular training measures training on earnings training questions training taken training to improve training variables types of training unemployment rate YOUNG MEN SAMPLE zero