Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe

Front Cover
JHU Press, Aug 8, 1996 - Political Science - 479 pages
3 Reviews

Since their classic volume The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes was published in 1978, Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan have increasingly focused on the questions of how, in the modern world, nondemocratic regimes can be eroded and democratic regimes crafted. In Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, they break new ground in numerous areas. They reconceptualize the major types of modern nondemocratic regimes and point out for each type the available paths to democratic transition and the tasks of democratic consolidation. They argue that, although "nation-state" and "democracy" often have conflicting logics, multiple and complementary political identities are feasible under a common roof of state-guaranteed rights. They also illustrate how, without an effective state, there can be neither effective citizenship nor successful privatization. Further, they provide criteria and evidence for politicians and scholars alike to distinguish between democratic consolidation and pseudo-democratization, and they present conceptually driven survey data for the fourteen countries studied.

Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation contains the first systematic comparative analysis of the process of democratic consolidation in southern Europe and the southern cone of South America, and it is the first book to ground post-Communist Europe within the literature of comparative politics and democratic theory.

 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Selected pages

Contents

Democracy and Its Arenas
3
Stateness Nationalism and Democratization
16
Modern Nondemocratic Regimes
38
The Implications of Prior Regime Type for Transition Paths and Consolidation Tasks
55
Actors and Contexts
66
Southern Europe Completed Consolidations
85
The Paradigmatic Case of Reforma PactadaRuptura Pactada Spain
87
From Interim Government to Simultaneous Transition and Consolidation Portugal
116
From an Impossible to a Possible Democratic Game Argentina
190
Incomplete Transition Near Consolidation? Chile
205
South America Concluding Reflections
219
PostCommunist Europe The Most Complex Paths and Tasks
231
PostCommunisms Prehistories
235
Authoritarian Communism Ethical Civil Society and Ambivalent Political Society Poland
255
Varieties of PostTotalitarian Regimes Hungary Czechoslovakia Bulgaria
293
The Effects of TotalitarianismcumSultanism on Democratic Transition Romania
344

Crisis of a Nonhierarchical Military Regime Greece
130
Southern Europe Concluding Reflections
139
South America Constrained Transitions
149
A RiskProne Consolidated Democracy Uruguay
151
Crises of Efficacy Legitimacy and Democratic State Presence Brazil
166
The Problems of Stateness and Transitions The USSR and Russia
366
When Democracy and the NationState Are Conflicting Logics Estonia and Latvia
401
PostCommunist Europe Concluding Comparative Reflections
434
Index
459
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (1996)

Juan J. Linz is Sterling Professor of Political and Social Science at Yale University. Alfred Stepan, the first rector and president of the Central European University, is Gladstone Professor of Government and Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford University.

Bibliographic information