Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh, Volume 8

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Page 57 - ... of a principal tenant in Lewis. It is now inhabited by one family only, consisting of six individuals, of which the female patriarch has been forty years on the island. The occupant of the farm is a cottar, cultivating it and tending fifty sheep for his employer, to whom he is bound for eight years ; an unnecessary precaution, since the nine chains of the Styx could afford no greater security than the sea that surrounds him, as he is not permitted to keep a boat. During a residence, now of seven...
Page 445 - Note on the contents of two bits of clay from the elephant bed at Kilmaurs in 1817, by James Bennie, II.
Page 10 - ... inside lagoon overlying the central stunted and dead portions. The possibility of such a sequence of events was likewise recognised by Darwin. " If a bank, either of rock or of hardened sediment," he says, " lay a few fathoms submerged, the simple growth of the coral, without the aid of subsidence, would produce a structure scarcely to be distinguished from a true atoll.
Page 55 - Lewis, with certain reistit muttan, and mony reistit foulis. Within this ile there is ane chapell, callit St. Ronay's chapell, unto quhilk chapell, as the ancients of the country alledges, they leave an spaid and ane shuil, quhen any man dies, and upon the morrow findes the place of the grave markit with an spaid, as they alledge.
Page 216 - ... compact, very hard, infusible, hornstone-like siliceous rock, with splintery fracture and dark color, and is impregnated with carbonaceous material and iron oxide. It occurs in beds made up of layers from 1 to 4 inches in thickness, and is traversed by numerous joints, and veined with quartz. . . . The Kieselschiefer beds are, in almost all the cases I have seen, intensely crumpled, and bent into sharply-defined folds, in a way which shows them to have been quite plastic at the time of their...
Page 262 - ... community of descent is the hidden bond which naturalists have been unconsciously seeking, and not some unknown plan of creation, or the enunciation of general propositions, and the mere putting together and separating objects more or less alike.
Page 19 - ... of calcareous sediment. Some of this sediment accumulates in steep submarine banks, like sand-dunes, which shift to and fro as winds and currents vary ; though by the action of the carbonic acid of the sea-water they are apt to be cemented into solid slopes, some of which have an angle of as much as 33". So great is the destructive and transporting influence of the sea under the combined or antagonistic working of tides, currents, and wind-waves, that the whole mass of the reef as well as the...
Page 4 - ... one of the most impressive generalisations with which geology, fertile in such achievements, had yet astonished the world. The theory proposed by Darwin, now so familiar, connected all the types of reef together as stages of one long process, every step in which could be illustrated by actual examples. At the one end stood the fringing-reefs, some of which might only lately have been started upon a racently upraised sea-bottom.
Page 26 - Again, as Mr. Murray has shown, the inorganic deposits of the ocean-floor are composed of volcanic debris with a singular absence of the minerals that constitute the usual crystalline rocks of our continents. No satisfactory proofs of a general subsidence have been obtained from the region of coral-reefs, except from the structure of the reefs themselves, and this is an inference only, which is now disputed. From the nature of the case, indeed, traces of subsidence can hardly be expected. A few examples...
Page 56 - ... thikest and throwing some handfulls of sand over there heads as if it were hail, they take them be the Necks : Of the grease of these fowls especiallie the soline goose, they make ane excellent oyle called the Gibanirtich, which is exceeding good for healing of anie sore or vound or cancer either on man or beast. This I myself found true by experience by applying of it to the legg of a young gentleman which had been inflamed and cankered for the space of two years : and his father being a trader...

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