Productivity, Education and Training: Facts and Policies in International Perspective

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 14, 1995 - Business & Economics - 138 pages
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Higher standards of schooling and of vocational training are now widely recognized as essential in Britain if benefits are to be gained from advanced technology, and if unemployment rates are to be reduced. The continuing development of automated production methods, combined with increasing competition from low-wage developing economies, is likely to reduce even further the scope for the employment of low skilled and inexperienced personnel in advanced economies. This book provides a realistic analysis of what needs to be done, based on visits over the past ten years by expert teams to matched samples of manufacturing plants in Britain and the European Continent, as well as to schools and vocational colleges. It explains why government policies need to move even further, and in which directions those policies should move.
 

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Contents

GENERAL PRINCIPLES
1
Technology and the demand for skills
3
The market for skills
6
Who pays for training?
8
Theoretical evaluation of a market for skills
11
Remedies for inadequate training
12
PREPARATION FOR WORK IN BRITAIN AND ELSEWHERE
15
Magnitude of international differences in intermediate vocational qualifications
16
Productivity differences
48
Machinery
60
Skilled manpower and its deployment
65
Changing priorities
72
EDUCATION AND PRODUCTIVITY
74
Mathematics
75
Practical subjects at school
90
Organisation of schooling
92

too few engineers
19
their breadth and depth
22
some policy issues
30
French fulltime vocational colleges
34
early specialisation
37
Switzerland
38
Japan
39
Overview
40
PRODUCTIVITY AND ITS DETERMINANTS CASE STUDIES
43
FROM PRINCIPLES TO PRACTICE
102
Longevident issues
103
Vocational training
105
Schooling
109
Notes
115
References and further reading
133
Index
135
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