Productivity, Education and Training: Facts and Policies in International Perspective

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 14, 1995 - Business & Economics - 138 pages
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The continuing development of automated production methods, combined with increasing competition from low-wage developing economies, is likely to reduce yet further the scope for the employment of low-skilled and inexperienced personnel in advanced economies. Higher standards of schooling and of vocational training are now widely recognised as essential. Based on visits by expert teams over the last ten years to matched samples of manufacturing plants, as well as to schools and vocational colleges in Britain and the European Continent, this book provides a realistic analysis of what needs to be done. The emphasis is on the need to expand, not the proportion of the workforce with university qualifications, but those with craft and vocational qualifications. The findings of this research have been influential in the development of government policies, and the author explains why these policies need to move even further, and in which directions they must next move.
 

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Contents

GENERAL PRINCIPLES
1
Technology and the demand for skills
3
The market for skills
6
Who pays for training?
8
Theoretical evaluation of a market for skills
11
Remedies for inadequate training
12
PREPARATION FOR WORK IN BRITAIN AND ELSEWHERE
15
Magnitude of international differences in intermediate vocational qualifications
16
Productivity differences
48
Machinery
60
Skilled manpower and its deployment
65
Changing priorities
72
EDUCATION AND PRODUCTIVITY
74
Mathematics
75
Practical subjects at school
90
Organisation of schooling
92

too few engineers
19
their breadth and depth
22
some policy issues
30
French fulltime vocational colleges
34
early specialisation
37
Switzerland
38
Japan
39
Overview
40
PRODUCTIVITY AND ITS DETERMINANTS CASE STUDIES
43
FROM PRINCIPLES TO PRACTICE
102
Longevident issues
103
Vocational training
105
Schooling
109
Notes
115
References and further reading
133
Index
135
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