Professional Burnout: Recent Developments In Theory And Research

Front Cover
W ilmar B. Schaufeli
CRC Press, Nov 8, 1996 - Technology & Engineering - 312 pages
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A rapidly growing number of people experience psychological strain at their workplace. In almost all industrialized countries, absenteeism and turnover rates increase, and an increasing amount of workers receive disablement benefits because of psychological problems. This book concentrates on a specific kind of occupational stress; burnout, the depletion of energy resources as a result of continuous emotional demands of the job. Focusing on a complete presentation of the past, present, and future burnout, this volume presents fresh theoretical perspectives that recently have been developed in the United States and Europe, discusses methodological issues, and examines organizational contexts. Written by an international group of leading scholars, the papers are divided into five sections; interpersonal approaches, individual approaches, organizational approaches, methodological issues, and the future outlook of burnout. This book expands on the First European Conference on Professional Burnout, held in Krakow, Poland, in 1990.
 

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Contents

INTERPERSONAL APPROACHES
17
An Existential Perspective
33
A Perspective from Social Comparison Theory
53
INDIVIDUAL APPROACHES
71
A Framework
95
Burning Out and Related Processes
102
Comparisons with Related Concepts
111
ORGANIZATIONAL APPROACHES
131
Current Research
170
Burnout Health Work Stress and Organizational
177
ROBERTA BOUDREAU Faculty of Management University of Lethbridge
183
WeilBeing and Burnout
184
Conclusion
193
METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES
195
Generic and ModelSpecific
217
Consideration
237

Lewin and Halls Work
137
Enhancing Professional SelfEfficacy
143
Organizational Structure Social Support and Burnout
151
Organizational Stressors and Burnout
157
Impact of Professional Burnout on Creativity
163
The Future of Burnout
253
References
261
Index
293
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