Programmed Learning in Perspective: A Guide to Program Writing

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Transaction Publishers, Jul 1, 2007 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 183 pages
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The method of programming outlined in this book represents a major contribution to the growing body of literature in programmed learning. It is the first book in the field to present a carefully designed, complete and integrated system for analyzing, organizing and structuring learning materials in programmed form.

Application of the system is illustrated through the step-by-step construction of two short programs. Starting with the analysis of the syllabus and course content, the authors take the reader through each phase of the programming process gathering and organizing the content material, construction of the program matrix and flow diagram and finally, the writing of frames.

Every teacher and trainer can benefit from the application of this method to lesson plan preparation and to classroom teaching techniques. Such a method is essential, for all those who are writing programmed materials. In a new computer age classroom environment, programmed learning can be especially beneficial.

C. A. Thomas, I. K. Davies, D. Openshaw, and J. B. Bird are instructors or directors at the British Royal Air Force School of Education. They are pioneers in the application of programmed learning in Britain and are highly regarded as forward looking and creative educational research workers. Their accomplishments include, in addition to this ingenious book, the design and development of the Empirical Tutor, one of Britain's major teaching machines, and the publication of a number of technical papers in the field of programmed learning.

Lawrence M. Stolurow is professor emeritus of psychological & quantitative foundations at the University of Iowa.

 

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Contents

The Problem of the Educationalist
The Teaching Situation
1
Programmed Learning and Teaching Machines
10
Programmed Learning
11
Linear Branched and Adaptive Programming
15
Teaching Machines
23
Teachers and Teaching Machines
27
The Construction and Writing of Programmes
31
The Flow Diagram
60
The Writing of Frames
66
Programmes in Perspective
74
Stages in Writing a Programme on Elementary Electricity Ohms Law
75
Programme on Elementary Electricity
84
Analysis of the Individual Frames in the Programme on Elementary Electricity
140
Stages in Writing a Programme on Pythagoras Theorem
145
Programme on Pythagoras Theorem
153

The Benefits of Programming
32
First Steps In Programming
35
Collection and Organisation of Material
40
Construction of the Matrix
44
Interpretation of the Matrix
51
Pythagoras Theorem Analysis of Frames
169
Problems and Aspects of Programming for Language Training
173
SELECTED TITLES ON PROGRAMMED LEARNING
181
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