Project Bosporus, Issue 21
This is another in the series of reports that have resulted from the interdisciplinary student projects in systems engineering conducted each spring term at M.I.T. In 1968 the class was given the task of studying the problems facing the Boston seaport and the airport, which serve the northeastern United States, and recommending steps that might be undertaken to enable the ports to meet the demands of the next twenty years.
During the study, the class surveyed existing port facilities, developed models for projecting future demand, investigated alternate sites at which new airport and seaport installations might be located, and examined the labor, management, social, and economic problems of the port.
The recommended solution proposes an off-shore airport to be developed in the vicinity of a group of small islands in the mouth of Boston Harbor, the upgrading of certain seaport facilities to enable them to handle containerized cargo more efficiently, the abandonment of other facilities, and the eventual development of a portion of the existing airport to handle containerized cargo. The entire program would extend over a period of approximately twenty years.
The students concluded that noise and pollution from 400-passenger jumbo jets and supersonic transports makes location of jetports away from residential areas mandatory. Moreover, they found that the practicality, within the next 20 or 30 years, of relatively quiet vertical and short takeoff and landing aircraft will make short-haul (under 500 miles) flights accessible from a variety of suburban neighborhoods.
The Project BOSPORUS class included graduate students and seniors from several M.I.T. Departments: mechanical, electrical, and marine engineering, city planning, aeronautics and astronautics, economics, political science, mathematics, and management, and, under a cross-registration agreement of long standing, the Harvard Law School.
In earlier projects, students have designed a Boston-Washington high-speed transport system (Project GLIDEWAY), an automated metropolitan transportation system (Project METRAN), and a prototype residential area for 100,000 people built on Boston Harbor islands (Project ROMULUS). The reports of these Projects have been published by The MIT Press.
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Chapter One DESIGN OVERVIEW
Chapter Two DESIGN CRITERIA
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acres additional aircraft airline airplane baggage approximately Army Base automated baggage handling BOS vehicles BOSPORUS Boston port Brewster Castle Island circular runway construction Container Cranes containerized conveyor CTOL demand Department of Transportation development alternative drop-off East Boston economic efficient eminent domain Engineering estimated evaluation feet Figure flight floating airport floor future guideway hour Inner Harbor jetport Labor Solution lanes loaded Logan Airport Logan Seaport longshoremen lump tag major Massachusetts Port Authority METRAN million Million/Year mobile lounge module noise Outer Harbor passenger piers plane platform pods Port Authority Port Commission port costs port facilities port management Port of Boston port operation port policies PORTAD potential market predicted problem profits proposed relocation route Sale of Port sections sector ship shippers short-haul Squantum take-off ticket tonnage tons total cost traffic transfer trip truck unloading V/STOL VTOL port yard