Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy
In his writings, Hume talks of our 'gilding and staining' natural objects, and of the mind's propensity to 'spread itself' on the world. This has led commentators to use the metaphor of 'projection' in connection with his philosophy: Hume is held to have taught that causal power and self are projections, that God is a projection of our fear, and that value is a projection of sentiment. By considering what it is about Hume's writing that occasions this metaphor, P. J. E. Kail spells out its meaning, the role it plays in Hume's work, and examines how, if at all, what sounds 'projective' in Hume can be reconciled with what sounds 'realist'. In addition to offering some highly original readings of Hume's central ideas, Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy offers a detailed examination of the notion of projection and the problems it faces.
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acquaintance aesthetic appearance argument aversion awareness bodily causal power causal relations cause and effect chapter claim cognitive colour conceive conception concerning conclusion continued and distinct deﬁnitions Descartes desire detective difﬁcult discussion disposition distinct existences elicit epistemic epistemology error theory essence essentially valuable evaluation evil experience explain explanandum explanatory projection external objects fact false feature projection ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst genuine grasp human Hume thinks Hume’s account Hume’s view Humean Hutcheson idea of necessity identiﬁed identity imagination impressions indicator function indirect realism inference inﬂuence judgement justiﬁcation Leibniz Malebranche meaning metaphysical metaphysically possible mind modal monotheism moral sense motivated nature necessary connection Nicolas Malebranche non-cognitivist notion one’s passions perceptions phenomenally distinct phenomenology philosophical pleasure and pain polytheism principle probable reason projective account properties psychological reading reﬂection relational values resemblance response sceptical secondary qualities sensation sensory sentiments simply sufﬁcient supposed supposition talk things thought understanding virtue vulgar