Prolongation of Seventh Chords in Tonal Music: Text
Prolongation of Seventh Chords is an inttriguing phenomenon that theoretically ought not to exist. Schenkerian theory is based on the premise that prolongations apply to consonsnces alone, and the violation of this principle has far-reaching consquences. Yet, dissonances in general and seventh chords in particular are occasionally prolonged in traditional tonal music. This issue remains among the Thorniest in all theoretical discourse on tonal music-- and also might have crucial consequences on the application of Schenkerian theory to post-tonal music. While individual cases have long been noted, this offers for the first time a systematic survey of the entire spectrum of contrapuntal-harmonic configurations that enable the prolongation of seven chords, arranged logically by seventh-cord type and voice-leading procedure. Rather thanbeing unique exception, prolongations of certain seventh-cord--especially dominant or diminished seventh-cord--prove to be common procedure. The analyses are presented in two-volume tradition of Free Composition by Heinrich Schenker and Structural Hearing by Felix Salzer.
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PROBLEMS CONCERNING PROLONGATION
SEVENTH CHORDS AT THE DEEPEST STRUCTURAL LEVELS
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Aldwell and Schachter alternative appears appoggiatura arpeggiation ascending augmented second augmented sixth chord Bach bass Beethoven Beethoven's Piano Sonata boundaries Brahms Chopin chromatic circular prolongation consonance and dissonance consonant context contrapuntal descent diatonic diminished fifth diminished seventh chord diminished third discussion dissonant enharmonically equivalent example foreground free composition function graph harmony Haydn incomplete neighbor initial seventh inner voice interpretation interval inversion linear progressions major melodic middleground minor Mozart neighbor motion normative octave omnibus parallel passage passing chord passing motion passing tone pedal point Piano Sonata prolongation of seventh prolongation of V7 prolonged chord prolonged V7 reaching-over reading register transfer resolution resolved Rothstein Salzer scale degrees Schenker Schenkerian Schubert Schumann sonority strict counterpoint String Quartet structural suspension Symphony theme third progressions tonal music tonic triad tritone unfolding upper neighbor upper voice Urlinie V7 prolongation vertical VIP7 voice exchange voice leading