Promoting democracy and free markets in Eastern Europe
RAND, Jan 1, 1991 - Business & Economics - 200 pages
On September 21-22, 1990, RAND convened, in collaboration with the Sequoia Institute and with funding provided by the Agency for International Development, a conference of participants from government, universities, and the business and financial communities to consider whether and how specific types of actions, policies, and programs can advance the objectives set forth in the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act (P.L. 101-179)--namely, to "contribute to the development of democratic institutions and political pluralism" and "promote the development of a free market economic system"--through the use of the funds and instruments provided by the SEED legislation. This report contains the papers and discussants' comments presented at the conference. The report's four sections cover precedents and experience from prior U.S. government assistance programs, promoting pluralism and democracy, development of free market systems, and ongoing U.S. government assistance to Central and Eastern Europe.
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A SKEPTICS VIEW
CAN THE UNITED STATES PROMOTE
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aid programs assistance programs bilateral Bulgaria capital Central and Eastern central bank command economies communist competition coordination counterpart funds cratic culture Czechoslovakia debt decades democracy and free democratic development assistance discussion dollar domestic donors East European countries Eastern Europe economic reform economic system economists efforts emerging enterprises established Europe's European Payments Union exchange rate exports fiscal free market economies Germany Graham Allison growth Hungary important industrial infrastructure initiatives investment Japan Korea levels long-term recipients Marshall Plan ment military million monetary nomic nondemocratic percent Poland political polyarchy population potential prices and wages private sector problems projects promote democracy prospects RAND recovery regimes region require role Romania social socialist societies South Korea Soviet Union specific stabilization strategy successful tion trade transformation transition U.S. aid U.S. government United USAID West West Germany Western governments World Bank Yugoslavia