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amount angle angular velocity atmosphere atoms attraction axis bodies Boyle's Law calculated called carbonic acid Cavendish experiment centre ceteris paribus compressibility contour lines corpuscules cube curvature curve cylinder definite density determined diffusion dimensions direction distance earth effect elastic energy equal experimental experiments film fluid gases give given glass gravitation greater heat Hence hodograph homogeneous Hooke's law horizontal hydrogen hydrostatic hydrostatic pressure inch inertia isotropic kind kinetic layer length less liquid Mariotte mass matter measured mercury molecular forces molecules moment of inertia motion Newton's obtained ordinary parallel particles perpendicular piezometer plane position pressure produced properties proportional quantity radius ratio rigidity rotation shows side simple harmonic motion solid space speed sphere spherical square stress substance suppose surface surface-tension temperature tension theory thickness tion torsion tube unit vapour velocity vertical vessel vibration viscosity volume weight whole wire Young's modulus
Page 112 - Every particle of matter in the universe attracts every other particle, with a force whose direction is that of the line joining the two, and whose magnitude is directly as the product of their masses, and inversely as the square of their distance from each other 1 ), the factor of proportionality y being the same for all bodies.
Page 286 - Spencer records his conviction that 'the chemical atoms are produced from the true or physical atoms by processes of evolution under conditions which chemistry has not yet been able to produce.
Page 131 - That gravity should be innate, inherent, and essential to matter, so that one body may act upon another at a distance, through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else, by and through which their action and force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity...
Page 310 - ... mercurial cylinder in the longer leg, that compressed the air into those dimensions. C. The height of the mercurial cylinder, that counterbalanced the pressure of the atmosphere. D. The aggregate of the two last columns, B and C, exhibiting the pressure sustained by the included air.
Page 91 - Every body continues in its state of rest or of uniform motion in a straight line, except in so far as it may be compelled by impressed forces to change that state.
Page 155 - ... which tube, though of a pretty bigness, was so long, that the cylinder, whereof the shorter leg of it consisted, admitted a list of paper, which had before been divided into 12 inches and their quarters, and the longer leg admitted another list of paper of divers feet in length, and divided after the same manner. Then quicksilver being poured in to fill up the bended part of the glass, that the surface of it in either leg might rest in the same horizontal line, , as we lately taught, there was...
Page 320 - THIS BOOK IS DUE ON THE LAST DATE STAMPED BELOW Books not returned on time are subject to a fine of soc per volume after the third day overdue, increasing to $1.00 per volume after the sixth day.
Page 295 - Even if we admit this as possible, we shall be called upon by the advocates of Pangenesis to admit still greater marvels. For the microscopic germ, according to this theory, is no mere individual, but a representative body, containing members collected from every rank of the long-drawn ramification of the ancestral tree, the number of these members being amply sufficient not only to furnish the hereditary characteristics of every organ of the body and every habit of the animal from birth to death,...
Page 310 - This notion may perhaps be somewhat further explained, by conceiving the air near the earth to be such a heap of little bodies, lying one upon another, as may be resembled to a fleece of wool. For this (to omit other likenesses betwixt them) consists of many slender and flexible hairs ; each of which may indeed, like a little spring, be easily bent or rolled up ; but will also, like a spring, be still endeavouring to stretch itself out again.