Proposed Constitutional Amendment to Permit Voluntary Prayer: Hearings Before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, Second Session on S.J. Res. 199 ... July 29, Aug. 18, and Sept. 16, 1982
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982 - Constitutional amendments - 504 pages
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Abington School District activity adopted allow American authority believe Bible Bill of Rights Chairman Christian church civil classroom clear committee concern Congress constitutional amendment course Court decisions decisions effect Engel equal Establishment Clause expression fact faith federal free exercise freedom hear House important individual institutions intended interpretation issue Justice kind legislative liberty majority matter meaning meetings ment moral object official parents participate particular permit person political practice pray prayer in public present President principle problem prohibit proposed amendment protection public schools question reading reason recitation regard relations religion religious represent resolution respect ruled School District school prayer Senator separation society statement suggested supra Supreme Court teachers Thank things tion United values voluntary prayer wish
Page 31 - Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country.
Page 181 - That no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, molested, or burthened in his body or goods, nor shall otherwise suffer on account of his religious opinions or belief; but that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinions in matters of religion, and that the same shall in no wise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities.
Page 213 - If there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein If there are any circumstances which permit an exception, they do not now occur to us.
Page 75 - And let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion. Whatever may be conceded to the influence of refined education on minds of peculiar structure, reason and experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle.
Page 30 - No tax in any amount, large or small, can be levied to support any religious activities or institutions, whatever they may be called, or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion.
Page 205 - The very purpose of a Bill of Rights was to withdraw certain subjects from the vicissitudes of political controversy, to place them beyond the reach of majorities and officials and to establish them as legal principles to be applied by the courts.
Page 36 - GOD, and for the support and maintenance of public Protestant teachers of piety, religion and morality, in all cases where such provision shall not be made voluntarily.
Page 76 - I have lived, sir, a long time, and, the longer I live, the more convincing proofs I see of this truth — that God governs in the affairs of men.
Page 30 - ... institutions, whatever they may be called, or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion. Neither a state nor the Federal Government can, openly or secretly, participate in the affairs of any religious organizations or groups and vice versa. In the words of Jefferson, the clause against establishment of *-• religion by law was intended to erect "a wall of separation ^ \'- '} between church and State.