Propositional Structure and Illocutionary Force: A Study of the Contribution of Sentence Meaning to Speech Acts
This book offers a new theory of the structure of propositions, which provides a uniform treatment of constative and performative sentences. Jerrold Katz shows that performatives can enter into logically valid arguments, even though, as Austin claimed, they can't be true or false. Katz also argues that ‚eoespeech act theory‚e is not a theory at all, but an assortment of observations about heterogeneous aspects of the performance of speech acts. He shows that a better explanation of speech acts is given by a grammatical account of the iIIocutionary potential of sentences and a separate pragmatic account of how this potential is realized in actual speech situtations. Katz provides such a grammatical account, which makes it possible for the first time to explain the iIIocutionary potential of sentences within grammar.
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addressee agent argument places ASPECTS OF PROPOSITIONAL assertive proposition Austin basis categorized variables characterization claim clause complement sentence compliance condition constatives constituents converted condition determines distinction erotetic example explain explication formal heavy parentheses Ibid illocutionary act illocutionary force illocutionary success condition J. J. Katz J. L. Austin lexical reading linguistic logical form natural language notation notion null context object occurrences performative proposition PERFORMATIVE SIDE performative types performative utterance performative verbs phrase marker pragmatic theory predicate concept presupposition principles projection rule promise properties and relations propositional content propositional type quantifiers question recipient referential referring term represent requestive proposition Ross's satisfied Searle Searle's semantic component semantic marker semantic properties semantic representation semantic roles semantic structure Semantic Theory sense sentence type Sentient someone speaker specified speech act theory statement structural definition subtypes tences THEORY OF PROPOSITIONAL things Things with Words tion tive truth conditions underlying utterance meaning Vendler