Protecting the Ozone Layer: The United Nations History

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Earthscan, 2012 - Law - 548 pages
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In the 1970s the world became aware of a huge danger: the destruction of the stratospheric ozone layer by CFCs escaping into the atmosphere, and the damage this could do to human health and the food chain. So great was the threat that by 1987 the UN had succeeded in coordinating an international treaty to phase out emissions; which, over the following 15 years has been implemented. It has been hailed as an outstanding success. It needed the participation of all the parties: governments, industry, scientists, campaigners, NGOs and the media, and is a model for future treaties. This volume provides the authoritative and comprehensive history of the whole process from the earliest warning signs to the present. It is an invaluable record for all those involved and a necessary reference for future negotiations to a wide range of scholars, students and professionals.
 

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Contents

From theory to certainty
1
Hole in ozone ahead Dana Fradon
7
The beginning 19741987
42
From strength to strength 19881992
95
Racing towards success 19932001
145
5Technology and business policy
187
Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
234
Compliance with the Montreal Protocol
274
Controlled substances under the Montreal Protocol
407
Control measures of the Montreal Protocol
410
Indicative list of categories of incremental costs
414
Nobel Prize United Nations and others
416
Assessment Panels of the Montreal Protocol
438
Core readings on the history of ozonelayer protection
443
Selected ozone websites
447
Notes 451
450

Media coverage of the ozonelayer issue
290
9Environmental NGOs the ozone layer and the Montreal
323
A perspective and a caution
345
4500 million years ago to present
369
World Plan of Action April 1977
402
List of acronyms and abbreviations
471
Glossary 477
476
About the contributors
483
Index
489
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Stephen O Anderson is a Director of Strategic projects in the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Climate Protection Partnerships Division and a Co-chair of the Montreal Protocol Technology and Economic Assessment Panel. He was formerly Deputy Director of the EPA Stratospheric Protection Division where he specialized in industry partnerships, international cooperation and market incentives. Prior to that he was a professor of environmental economics at the College of the Atlantic and the University of Hawaii and a visiting scholar at Kyoto University. He also worked for consumer, environmental organizations. He has a PhD from the University of California, BerkeleyK Madhava Sarma recently retired after working for the United Nations Environment Programme for more than Nine years as the Executive Secretary of the Secretariat for the Vienna Convention and the Montreal protocol, the ozone protection treatise. He has been associated with all the major developments of the treatise and assisted the governments in their efforts to protect the ozone layer. Previously, he held senior positions in the government of India and helped articulate the developing country positions on global environmental issues. He has vast experience in working on environmental issues in India

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