Protection of Civilians

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Haidi Willmot, Marc Weller, Ralph Mamiya, Scott Sheeran
Oxford University Press, Apr 14, 2016 - Law - 330 pages
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The protection of civilians is a highly topical issue at the forefront of international discourse, and has taken a prominent role in many international deployments. It has been at the centre of debates on the NATO intervention in Libya, UN deployments in Darfur, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and on the failures of the international community in Sri Lanka and Syria. Variously described as a moral responsibility, a legal obligation, a mandated peacekeeping task, and the culmination of humanitarian activity, it has become a high-profile concern of governments, international organisations, and civil society, and a central issue in international peace and security. This book offers a multidisciplinary treatment of this important topic, harnessing perspectives from international law and international relations, traversing academia and practice. Moving from the historical and philosophical development of the civilian protection concept, through relevant bodies of international law and normative underpinnings, and on to politics and practice, the volume presents coherent cross-cutting analysis of the realities of conflict and diplomacy. In doing so, it engages a series of current debates, including on the role of politics in what has often been characterized as a humanitarian endeavour, and the challenges and impacts of the use of force. The work brings together a wide array of eminent academics and respected practitioners, incorporating contributions from legal scholars and ethicists, political commentators, diplomats, UN officials, military commanders, development experts and humanitarian aid workers. As the most comprehensive publication on the subject, this will be a first port of call for anyone studing or working towards a better protection of civilians in conflict.
 

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Contents

Table of Cases
Introduction
Civilians Distinction and the Compassionate View of
Protection of Civilians Responsibility to Protect
Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime
Charter of the Organization of African Unity OAU of 1963276
Velásquez Rodriquez v Honduras Judgment Merits 29 July 1988
A History and Conceptual Development of the Protection
Legal Aspects of the Use of Force by United Nations Peacekeepers
American Convention on Human Rights 1969 56
IACHR
The United Nations and the Protection of Civilians
The African Union and the Protection of Civilians
Constitutive Act of the African Union adopted 1 July 2000 entered into force
ACTHPR
Using Force to Protect Civilians in United Nations Peacekeeping

Comparing Organizational Approaches
The Evolution of the UN Collective Security System
Protection of Civilians under International Human Rights
African Union Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights
Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian
Jamie A Williamson
International Responsibility for Ensuring the Protection
Agreement for the establishment of an International Military Tribunal for
The Utility of Force for Protecting Civilians
The Contribution of Human Rights to Protecting People
Humanitarian ProtectionMoving beyond the Tried and Tested
The Problems and Dilemmas of Helping to Build Protection
Community Selfprotection
Conclusion
Index
Copyright

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About the author (2016)

Ms. Haidi Willmot serves in the Office of the Chief of Staff of the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations / Department of Field Support. She has held a number of positions in the United Nations Secretariat, was instrumental in the establishment of the United Nations Operations and Crisis Centre, and has spent time in the field with UN missions in South Sudan and Somalia. Prior to joining the Secretariat, Ms. Willmot was the Peacekeeping Policy Officer at the Australian Mission to the United Nations, and worked as an analyst with the New Zealand Government. She previously worked in Vanuatu with the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAid) and in legal practice in Australia and throughout the island nations of the Pacific. Ms Willmot holds a BA/LLB (hons) from the Australian National University and a MPhil in International Relations from the University of Cambridge. Dr. Marc Weller is Professor of International Law and International Constitutional Studies in the University of Cambridge and the Director of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law. Professor Weller has extensive experience in international high-level, high-stakes negotiations. He is a fully qualified and accredited mediator and a member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators. In addition to assignments in Somalia, the Balkans, and other countries, he has served as a mediator and mediation expert with the UN Department of Political Affairs on the transitions in Cote d'Ivoire and Egypt, Libya, Yemen, and Syria. Professor Weller is also the author, editor or co-editor of some 25 books and a large number of academic journal articles and book chapters. Mr. Ralph Mamiya has worked for more than seven years with the United Nations, most recently on the Protection of Civilians Team for the UN Department Peacekeeping Operations/ Department of Field Support. He has spent most of his career working on conflict issues in Africa, including tours with the UN peacekeeping missions in Sudan and South Sudan. He is an Adjunct Professor with the Human Rights Program at the Public Policy Institute of Hunter College in New York. Mr. Mamiya holds a Juris Doctor from Cornell Law School. Mr. Scott Sheeran is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Law and Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex. He is Director of the LLMs and MAs in International Human Rights at Essex, and Director of the Human Rights in Iran Unit, which provides support to the UN Special Rapporteur for Iran. He previously worked as a New Zealand diplomat and legal adviser, including in New York and Geneva, and is on the advisory council of several human rights NGOs. He holds an LLM (International Law) from the University of Cambridge and has published extensively on international human rights law, public international law, and law of the United Nations.

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