Protection of Materials and Structures From the Space Environment

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Jacob Kleiman, Masahito Tagawa, Yugo Kimoto
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 22, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 618 pages
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The goals of the 10th International Space Conference on “Protection of Materials and Structures from Space Environment” ICPMSE-10J, since its inception in 1992, have been to facilitate exchanges between members of the various engineering and science disciplines involved in the development of space materials, including aspects of LEO, GEO and Deep Space environments, ground-based qualification, and in-flight experiments and lessons learned from operational vehicles that are closely interrelated to disciplines of the atmospheric sciences, solar-terrestrial interactions and space life sciences.

The knowledge of environmental conditions on and around the Moon, Mars, Venus and the low Earth orbit as well as other possible candidates for landing such as asteroids have become an important issue, and protecting both hardware and human life from the effects of space environments has taken on a new meaning in light of the increased interest in space travel and colonization of other planets.

And while many material experiments have been carried out on the ground and in open space in the last 50 years (LDEF, MEEP, SARE, MISSE, AOP, DSPSE, ESEM, EURECA, HST, MDIM, MIS, MPID, MPAC and SEED), many questions regarding the environmental impact of space on materials remain either poorly understood or unanswered. The coming generations of scientists will have to continue this work and tackle new challenges, continuing to build the level of confidence humans will need to continue the colonization of space. It is hoped that the proceedings of the ICPMSE-10J presented in this book will constitute a small contribution to doing so.

 

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Contents

How Did It All Start?
1
Analyses of Hubble Space Telescope AluminizedTeflon Insulation Retrieved After 19 Years of Space Exposure
13
Effect of Solar Exposure on the Atomic Oxygen Erosion of Hubble Space Telescope AluminizedTeflon Thermal Shields
27
Postflight Analysis of Materials Exposed on the Spectrometer Subunit of MEDET 18 Months OnBoard ISS
41
Polymer Strain Experiment on MISSE 6
56
Passive Space Environment Effect Measurement on JEMMPACandSEED
73
Attenuation of Scattered Thermal Energy Atomic Oxygen
83
Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy of the Materials International Space Station Experiment MISSE Spacecraft Silicone Experiment
93
Instrumentation for GroundBased Testing in Simulated Space and Planetary Conditions
337
A Planetary Environmental SimulatorTest Facility
354
Influence of Atomic Oxygen Exposure on Friction Behavior of 321 Stainless Steel
371
Study of Tensile Properties of MgRare Earth Alloys at Cryogenic Temperatures
381
Embrittlement of MISSE 5 Polymers After 13 Months of Space Exposure
389
Temperature Effects of Ultraviolet Irradiation on Material Degradation
399
GEANT4 Simulation of Interplanetary Proton Induced Deep Dielectric Charging
408
Microstructure and Properties of Pure Zirconium After Irradiation by Charged Particles
417

The Effect of Tensile Stress on the Erosion of Polyimide in an Atomic Oxygen Environment
104
Critical Evaluation of Testing Results for Russian and Western Space Materials in GroundBased Simulator Facilities and in Space Experiments
115
Accelerated Testing of Thermal Control Coatings Using Synchrotron Radiation and Evaluation of Materials Performance
132
Effects of Secondary Electron Emission Yield of Polyimide Films on Atomic Oxygen Irradiation
143
The Effects of MEO Radiation Environment on TripleJunction GaAs Solar Cells
151
Interaction Mechanism of Soft Xrays with Irradiated DiamondLike Carbon Films
159
Ultraviolet Radiations and Electron Flux
165
Complex Investigations of New Black Thermal Control Coatings
177
The Study of Simulated Space Radiation Environment Effect on Conductive Properties of ITO Thermal Control Materials
187
Computational Analysis of Mass Loss Rate of Polymeric Composites Under Electron Irradiation in Vacuum
198
Effects of Atomic Oxygen and Grease on Outgassing and Adhesion of Silicone Elastomers for Space Applications
209
Lessons Learned
217
Molecular Contamination Analysis on SUZAKU Xray Imaging Spectrometer
235
First Evaluation of Contamination on the JEMMPACandSEED
243
A Method of Estimating the Charge Properties of Spacecraft Materials
254
Registering the Elemental Composition of Micrometeoroids and Debris
263
An Investigation of Stress Dependent Atomic Oxygen Erosion of Black Kapton Observed on MISSE 6
271
The Effect of Surface Cracks on Tensile Strength in Polyimide Films Exposed to Low Earth Orbit in MPACandSEED Experiment
282
Flight Experiment Results of the PolysiloxaneBlockPolyimide BSF30 on the JEMMPACandSEED Mission on the ISS
295
Development of Heat Sealable Polyimide Thin Films with High Space Environmental Stability for Solar Sail IKAROS Membrane
303
Results Analysis Mechanisms
317
Comparison of Properties of Solid Lubricant Between Two Exposure Experiments Aboard the ISS
327
Application of Dust Detection Techniques in Space Science and Spacecraft Projects
427
Electron Beam Induced Charging and Secondary Electron Emission of Surface Materials
437
Observation of Surface Discharge Phenomena on Dielectric Films Under Low Pressure Using Pockels Effect
447
Charging and Discharging Characteristic on PI Films Irradiated by Protons
458
Degradation of Mechanical Properties of Spacecraft Polyimide Film Exposed to Radiation Environments
469
Deposition of Outgassed Products and Products of RadiationInduced Atomization of Polymeric Composite on Quartz Glass Surfaces
482
Contamination of Outer Surfaces of International Space Station Studied by NonDestructive Techniques
491
Passive Measurement of Dust Particles on JEMMPACandSEED Experiment Summary Particle Fluxes
499
Degradation of Optical Elements of Spacecraft Under the Impact of HighVelocity Particles
513
Initial Sticking Rate of O2 Molecular Beams on Ni 111 Surface Depending on Kinetic Energy
521
Hydrogen Removal from Hydrogenated DiamondLike Carbon Films by Exposure to Photon and Energetic Atomic Oxygen Beams
530
Resistance of SiliconContaining Carbonized Lignin to Atomic Oxygen Erosion
541
Survivability of SiliconDoped DiamondLike Carbon Films in Energetic AtomicMolecular Oxygen Beam Environments
547
Measurement of Surface and Volume Resistivity for Silver Coated FEP Used for Spacecraft
556
Measurement of Quantum Efficiency for Spacecraft Materials and Noise Reduction of Photoelectron Current Waveform
567
Microtribological Properties of Molybdenum Disulfide Bonded Film Exposed to Space Environment by SMSEED Mission
576
Extreme Ultraviolet Emission from a Carbon Dioxide LaserSustained Oxygen Plasma
587
Measurement of AtomicOxygen Flux Distribution
596
Author Index
607
Subject Index
610
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