Protein and Amino Acid Requirements in Human Nutrition
The World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization have worked to quantify the energy and nutrient needs of populations since 1949. This is the latest in a series of reports that aim to provide updates on protein and amino acid requirements in health and disease for all age groups and pregnant and lactating mothers; recommendations on protein requirements in health and disease including their implications for developing countries and recommendations on protein quality and labelling for worldwide use. This report provides the tools to address practical questions on the adequacy of food supplies targets for food and nutrition policy and labelling of protein quality. It contains specific recommendations for infant child and adult nutrition. This report is an essential reference to those who need to determine the adequacy of population food intakes; set national food and nutrition guidelines and regulations on the protein and amino acid content of industrially processed foods; determine nutrient needs and evaluate and ensure the adequacy of rations for vulnerable groups. The tools in this report can also be used to map and monitor global food shortages and under-nutrition through early warning systems.
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adaptation American Journal amino acid oxidation amino acid requirements amino acid score average biological value body weight branched-chain amino acids calculated Clinical Nutrition cysteine deficiency derived developing countries diet dietary protein digestibility Energy and protein energy intake energy requirements estimates excretion faecal g/day g/kg growth healthy adults histidine human identified increased indicator amino acid indispensable amino acids individual infection isoleucine Journal of Clinical Journal of Nutrition kcal/kg leucine lysine lysine requirement maintenance measured metabolic demand methionine mg nitrogen/kg mg/kg per day Millward DJ nitrogen balance studies nitrogen intake nitrogen/kg per day normal normal distribution nutrient obligatory nitrogen losses PDCAAS phenylalanine population pregnancy protein and amino protein deposition protein intake protein quality protein requirements protein utilization protein/kg per day Rand WM requirement values safe level Scrimshaw Scrimshaw NS threonine tissue tracer tryptophan tyrosine urea valine variability weight gain women World Health Organization Young VR