Explores psychoanalytic counseling from both a theoretical and clinical perspective. Introductory in nature, it illustrates how the counselor, acting as a scientist/practitioner may use psychoanalytic theory as a template for understanding client interview behavior, for intervening in the flow of that behavior, and as a means of assessing the efficacy of those interventions. The focus is on the importance of the counselor acting as scientist/practitioner in helping the client. Coverage encompasses history and analysis of psychoanalytic ideas and their development, the authors' interpretations of Freud's classic theory, Kohut's theory of the self and their own ideas about the interview process. They present technical considerations, cite research literature, and deal with the psychoanalytic counseling of women, ethics and research.
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historical and philosophical origins
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active adaptive aggressive wishes alliance American Psychological Association anxiety aware become behavior Bordin Chapter child client and counselor client resistance clinical cognitive appeal communication complaints concept conflict confrontation context counseling interview counseling process counselor and client counselor restraint countertransference defenses depression dimension ego psychology elements emotional empathic ethical example experience father fear feminist Freud functions gender gender identity goals grandiose Greenson help the client idealized ideas important inter-rater reliability interaction interpersonal interpretation intervention Kohut maladaptive manifest mind mirroring motivation object relations theory observations oedipal outcome painful affect parents pattern Patton penis envy Pepinsky person perspective phase present principles problems professional psychoanalytic counseling psychoanalytic theory psychological psychosexual development reaction formation reactions relations relationship reporting response Robbins Scale definition self-esteem selfobject session sexual Sigmund Freud superego symptoms talk task theoretical therapeutic thoughts and feelings transference treatment unconscious understanding Virtue Ethics woman women