Psychological Approaches to Entrepreneurship
Michael Frese, Elizabeth Chell, Heinz Klandt
Psychology Press, 2000 - Psychology - 128 pages
The study of entrepreneurship is important because small and medium-sized enterprises are the major agents of economic growth and employment (99% of European companies are small or medium-sized and provide 66% of the working places). From a psychological point of view, the study is interesting because small-scale entrepreneurs have to work on a complex set of tasks, such as development of the organization, leadership, and organizational issues.
The common theme of this special issue is to look at personality predictors of success and entrepreneurial behaviour. All the articles in this issue take as a starting point a sophisticated personality concept that was traditionally done. Thus, it is our hope that this new approach to personality will be seen as much more fruitful within entrepreneurship research than it has been in the one used until now.
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Academy of Management Acceptable achievement orientation Allinson argue assessment attributes Business Exercise business owners Business Venturing call centre capital accumulation Carland Chell cognitive style concept context creative Cromie dimensions Durham University East Germany enterprising behaviour entrepreneurial activity entrepreneurial behaviour entrepreneurial intentions entrepreneurial personality entrepreneurial process entrepreneurs entrepreneurship research Entrepreneurship Theory environment example factors firm Frese Group Exercise high achievers ideas identify important individuals innovativeness and initiative internal locus intuitive issues Journal of Business Journal of Small Klaus locus of control McClelland measure mediation model motivation Myers-Briggs Type Indicator need for achievement opportunities order need strength Organizational Psychology organizations overall owner managers performance was considered personality characteristics preneurs proactive psychometric Rauch sample self-efficacy senior managers situations social construction social constructionism strategy structural equation modelling Structured Interview successful entrepreneurs suggests tEds tsee Utsch variables venture performance X's performance