Psychology Around Us

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John Wiley & Sons, Feb 7, 2012 - Psychology - 649 pages
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Comer and Gould's Psychology Around Us demonstrates the many-often surprising, always fascinating-intersections of psychology with students' day-to-day lives. Every chapter includes sections on human development, brain function, individual differences and abnormal psychology that occur in that area. These "cut-across" sections highlight how the different fields of psychology are connected to each other and how they connect to everyday life.

Every chapter begins with a vignette that shows the power of psychology in understanding a whole range of human behavior.  This theme is reinforced throughout the chapter in boxed readings and margin notes that celebrate the extraordinary processes that make the everyday possible and make psychology both meaningful and relevant.  The text presents psychology as a unified field the understanding of which flows from connecting its multiple subfields and reinforces the fact that psychology is a science with all that this implies (research methodology, cutting edge studies, the application of critical thinking).

 

 

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Contents

CHAPTER 1
xxvii
Yesterday and Today
2
Myth versus Reality 4
4
Psychology of Adaptation 17
17
Summary 81
31
What Is a Science? 36
36
How Do Psychologists Make Sense of Research Results? 49
49
What Ethical Research Guidelines D0 Psychologists Follow? 55
55
Creativity 358
358
How Well Do Intelligence Tests Predict Performance? 365
365
Environmental Influences on Intelligence 371
371
Is There Really a Mozart Effect? 377
377
How We Differ 381
381
KeyTerms 388
388
Motivation
390
Motivation 391
391

Understanding How We Develop 62
62
Before We Are Born How We Develop 68
68
Cognitive Development 76
76
Neuroscience
113
Opening Vignette Your Brain in Facebook 112
112
Neurotransmitters and Their Functions 119
119
Structures of the Brain 125
125
The Corpus Callosum 133
133
How We Differ 139
139
Summary 145
145
Sensation and Perception
149
CHAPTER 6
183
Sensory Transduction 150
150
Eating Pizza 156
156
Touch Pressure Pain Vibration 162
162
Hearing 168
168
Sight 174
174
Consciousness
188
Consciousness
189
Alert Consciousness How We Develop
194
CHAPTER 7
203
Hypnosis 198
198
Rhythms of Sleep 204
204
Nightmares Lucid Dreams and Daydreams 211
211
Binge Drinking and College Students 217
217
Consciousness 224
224
Learning
229
Opening Vignette Name That Tune 228
228
Classical Conditioning 234
234
Operant Conditioning 240
240
When Things Go Wrong 246
246
Sleep 253
253
Learning 263
263
CHAPTER 8
279
CHAPTER 9
310
What Is Memory? 270
270
Painting a Mental Picture 277
277
How Do We Retrieve Memories? 284
284
Memory WhatHappens in the Brain? 298
298
Dissociative Disorders 305
305
Memory 306
306
IVideo Lab Exercise 311
311
Language and Thought
312
Language and Thought
313
Critical Period for Language Learning? The Case of Genie
320
Learning a Second Language
326
When Is It Best to Rely on Emotions for Decision Making?
339
Language and Thought
343
Language 314
314
Critical Period for Language Learning? The Case of Genie 320
320
Learning a Second Language 326
326
Language and Thought 328
328
Thinking to Make Decisions 335
335
Summary 344
344
Intelligence
349
What Do We Mean by Intelligence?
350
Motivation 391
355
1
364
CHAPTER 12
384
Current Multifactor Theories of Intelligence 352
352
Theories of Motivation 392
392
Hunger 398
398
The Us Social Stigma against Obesity 404
404
Ben BarresA True Success Story 411
411
Affiliation and Achievement 417
417
Emotion Stress and Health
426
Emotion Stress and Health
427
CHAPTER 13
455
What Is Emotion? 428
428
Where Do Emotions Come From? 434
434
Emotion How We Develop 440
440
When Things Go Wrong 448
448
Kinds of Stressors 455
455
Emotional Responses to Stress 462
462
How Can You Manage Stress? 470
470
Emotion Stress and Health 477
477
Personality
483
The Psychodynamic Perspective 484
484
Jung in the Business World 490
490
Evaluating Trait Theories 496
496
Personality Disorders When Things Go Wrong 511
511
Personality 517
517
Attitudes
524
How Do Attitudes Change? 525
525
Attitudes and the Power of Persuasion 531
531
Social Psychology 532
532
Social Forces 537
537
Social Relations 546
546
Interpersonal Attraction 552
552
Disorders of Social Functioning When Things Go Wrong 553
558
Social Psychology 561
561
Key Terms 564
564
Defining Classifying and Diagnosing Psychological Abnormality
568
CHAPTER 15
577
Psychological Disorders 567
567
Defining Psychological Abnormality 568
568
Models ofAbnormality 574
574
The Sociocultural Model How We Differ 579
581
Schizophrenia 598
598
Dissociative Disorders 604
604
Summary 610
610
CHAPTER 16
629
Treatment of Psychological Disorders 615
615
Treatment in Todays World 616
616
Taking an Antidepressant 622
622
Psychodynamic Therapies How We Develop 625
625
Behavioral Therapies in Perspective 631
631
Existential Therapy 637
637
Some Final Thoughts about the Field of Psychology 644
644
Sight How We Develop 182
651
Answers to Practice
656
Questions
1
Contents
9
References
35
PhotoCredits
1
Photo Credits
79
Name Index Nl1
107
Subject Index SI1
7
Subject Index Sl1
13
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