Public Health and Hospitals

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Page 113 - If in any milking a part of the milk is bloody or stringy or unnatural in appearance, the whole mess should be rejected.
Page 124 - Any animal suspected of being in bad health must be promptly removed from the herd and her milk rejected.
Page 113 - Jerking the teat increases materially the bacterial contamination of the milk and should be forbidden. 6. Helpers other than Milkers. — All persons engaged in the stable and dairy should be reliable and intelligent. Children under twelve should not be allowed in the stable or dairy during milking, since in their ignorance they may do harm, and from their liability to contagious diseases they -are more apt than older persons to transmit them through the milk. 7. Small Animals.
Page 91 - I beg to submit the following report of the work done in this department during the past year, ending June 30th, 1910.
Page 22 - Bottling machines should be made entirely of metal with no rubber about them, and should be sterilized in the closed sterilizer before each milking, or bottling. If cans are used, all should have smoothly soldered joints, with no places to collect the dirt. Pails should have openings not exceeding 8 inches in diameter, and may be either straight pails, or the usual shape with the top protected by a hood. Bottles should be of the kind known as " common sense" and capped with a sterilized paraffined...
Page 111 - These flies are an element of danger, for they are fond of both filth and milk, and are liable to get into the milk after having soiled their bodies and legs in recently visited filth, thus carrying it into the milk. Flies also irritate cows, and by making them nervous reduce the amount of their milk. 2. The stable. — In the stable the principles of cleanliness must be strictly observed. The room in which the cows are milked should have no storage loft above it; where this is not feasible, the...
Page 17 - Under 5 years. 5 to 9 years. 10 to 19 years. 20 to 29 years. 30 to 39 years. 40 to 49 years. 50 to 59 years. 60 to 69 years. 70 to 79 years.
Page 22 - ... cheesecloth and absorbent cotton. The rapid cooling is a matter of great importance. The milk should be cooled to 45 F. within an hour and not allowed to rise above that as long as it is in the hands of producer or dealer. In order to assist in the rapid cooling, the bottles should be cold before the milk is put into them. Aeration of milk beyond that obtained in milking is unnecessary.
Page 18 - This may be done by a chain or a rope under the neck. 5. The milkers. — The milker must be personally clean. He should neither have nor come in contact with any contagious disease while employed in handling the milk. In case of any illness, in the person or family of any employee in the dairy, such employee must absent himself from the dairy until a physician certifies that it is safe for him to return.
Page 21 - Never leave the udder wet, and be sure that the water and towel used are clean. The tail should be kept clean by frequent washing. If the hair on the flanks, tail, and udder is clipped close and the brush on the tail is cut short, it will be much easier to keep the cow clean. The cows must be kept standing after the cleaning until the milking is finished. This may be done by a chain or a rope under the neck. 5. The milkers. — The milker must be personally clean.

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