Public Health and Social Justice in the Age of Chadwick: Britain, 1800-1854
The 1830s and 1840s are the formative years of modern public health in Britain, when the poor law bureaucrat Edwin Chadwick conceived his vision of public health through public works and began the campaign for the construction of the kinds of water and sewerage works that ultimately became the standard components of urban infrastructure throughout the developed world. This book first explores that vision and campaign against the backdrop of the great "condition-of-England" questions of the period, of what rights and expectations working people could justifiably have in regard to political participation, food, shelter and conditions of work. It examines the ways Chadwick's sanitarianism fit the political needs of the much-hated Poor Law Commission and of Whig and Tory governments, each seeking some antidote to revolutionary Charitism. It then reviews the Chadwickians' efforts to solve the host of problems they met in trying to implement the sanitary idea: of what responsibilities central and local units of government, and private contractors, were to have; of how townspeople could be persuaded to embark on untried public technologies; of where the new public health experts were to come from; and of how elegant technical designs were to be fitted to the unique social, political and geographic circumstances of individual towns. Rejecting the view that Chadwick's program was a simple response to an obvious urban problem Professor Hamlin argues that at the time a "public health" focusing narrowly on sanitary public works represented a retreat of public medicine from involvement with the great social issues of the Industrial Revolution. In exploring the views of medical men who were critical of Chadwick, Hamlin suggests the parameters of a public health that might have been, in which concern for health and well-being becomes the foundation of a public medicine that is a principal guarantor of social justice. This book offers modern public heatlh professionals elements of a forgotten professional heritage that might be useful in responding to the bewildering range of health problems we now confront.
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Health as Money
A Political Medicine
Prelude to the Sanitary Report 18331838
The Making of the Sanitary Report 18391842
The Sanitary Report
Contents of Chadwicks Sanitary Report of 1842
The Local Reports
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Alison Arnott authority bill Board of Health causes of disease causes of fever Chad Chartist cholera claim commissioners Committee contagion contagious Croydon destitution drainage drains Early Victorian economic Edinburgh Edwin Chadwick effects England epidemic factory Farr filth Finer Glasgow Hansard's Parliamentary Debates Hawksley Health of Towns houses human Ibid industrial inspectors institutions John Labouring Lancashire Lewis London LREW malaria Manchester medical officers medicine Metropolitan moral Morpeth Neil Arnott nuisances Nuisances Removal physical causes Playfair political Poor Law Commission population poverty practice prevent problem public health Ranger Rawlinson reform Robert sanatory sanitarian Sanitary Condition sanitary improvement Sanitary Inquiry Sanitary Report sanitation Scotland Scottish Second Report sewage sewerage Sewers Commission Slaney social Southwood Smith streets Thomas Thomas Hawksley Thomas Southwood Smith Thomas Telford Towns Commission Tranent typhus UCL Chadwick Papers University Press ventilation William workhouse
Page 356 - TREATISE ON ROADS; Wherein the Principles on which Roads should be made are explained and illustrated by the Plans, Specifications, and Contracts made use of by Thomas Telford, Esq. on the Holy-head Road.
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The Modern British State: An Historical Introduction
No preview available - 2001