Public Service Employment Legislation, 1974: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Employment, Poverty, and Migratory Labor of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, Ninety-third Congress, Second Session, on S. 4079 ... September 16, October 16, and 17, 1974

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Page 39 - ... (1) no participant will be employed on projects involving political parties, or the construction, operation, or maintenance of so much of any facility as is used or to be used for sectarian instruction or as a place for religious worship...
Page 307 - This picture of a hard core of unemployed workers who are not able to find jobs is an inaccurate description of our economy and a misleading basis for policy. A more accurate description is an active labor market in which almost everyone who is out of work can find his usual type of job in a relatively short time. The problem is not that these jobs are unavailable but that they are often unattractive.
Page 344 - ... unemployment. Second, and more generally, for all types of unsteady work — seasonal, cyclical, and casual — it raises the net wage to the employee relative to the cost to the employer. The first of these effects provides an incentive to inappropriately long durations of unemployment. The second provides both employers and employees with the incentive to organize production in a way that increases the level of unemployment by making the seasonal and cyclical variation in unemployment too large...
Page 307 - The conventional view of post-War unemployment might be described as follows: "The growth of demand for goods and services does not always keep pace with the expansion of the labor force and the rise in output per man. Firms therefore lay off employees and fail to hire new members of the labor force at a sufficient rate. The result is a pool of potential workers who are unable to find jobs. Only policies to increase the growth of demand can create the jobs needed to absorb the unemployed.
Page 29 - Same or any substantially equivalent job; ,,. (8) assurances that no funds received under this title will be used to hire any person to fill a job opening created by the action of an employer in laying off or terminating the employment of any regular employee not supported under this...
Page 287 - Most macroeconomic analyses of unemployment are based on ideas about the causes and structure of unemployment that are 1 See Martin Feldstein, Lowering the Permanent Rate of Unemployment, A Joint Committee Print of the Joint Economic Committee (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1973).
Page 320 - In the post-War period, the unemployment rate among males aged 20 and over avenged 3.5 per cent. In 1971, it was an unfortunate 4.4 per cent. As already noted, the rate has generally been higher among women than men. In 1971, it was 5.7 per cent. The combined unemployment rate for adults (persons aged 20 and over) was 4.9 per cent. These rates, and the US post-War experience in general, are much higher than the unemployment rates experienced in most other industrial nations. Even Britain, which unlike...
Page 306 - ... key unemployment rates are extremely low. Better management of aggregate demand has a role to play, but it cannot do the entire job. Fourth, lowering the overall rate of unemployment will require new types of policies aimed at increasing the stability of employment among young workers, at eliminating unnecessary seasonal and cyclical fluctuations in labor demand, and at increasing the speed with which the unemployed return to work. Several such policies arc suggested below.
Page 336 - Similarly, a worker in a casual or temporary job or in a highly cyclical industry knows that he is much more likely to be laid off than a worker with a regular job in an industry that is not cyclically sensitive. If there were no unemployment compensation, workers could be induced to accept such unstable jobs only if the wage rate were sufficiently higher in those jobs than in the more stable positions in which they could find alternative work. The pay differentials among jobs would reflect the chances...
Page 307 - The problem is not that these jobs are unavailable but that they are often unattractive. Much of the unemployment and even more of the lost manpower occurs among individuals who find that the available jobs are neither appealing in themselves nor rewarding as pathways to better jobs in the future. For such individuals, job attachment is weak, quitting is common, and periods without work or active job seeking are frequent.

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