Punishment in America: A Reference Handbook

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ABC-CLIO, 2005 - Law - 319 pages
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From Puritan ducking stools to boot camps and supermax prisons, "Punishment in America" investigates the evolution of punishment in the United States. Intriguing inquiries into penitentiaries, parole, capital punishment, and other sanctions reveal how the rationales behind them--retribution, rehabilitation, and deterrence--reflect changes in society, culture, and values.

Reaching beyond the typical focus on prisons and incarceration to extralegal lynchings and vigilante operations and the treatment of the poor and the mentally challenged, this remarkable review also explores the impact of stricter laws on pedophiles and drug offenders and the effect of three-strikes legislation and truth in sentencing. This thought-provoking work will help readers understand the conflicting roles that punishment has played in delivering justice and promoting rehabilitation.

 

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Contents

The History of Punishment in America
1
Early Forms of Determining Guilt and Administering Punishment
2
Corporal Punishment
9
Mutilation
10
Stocks and Pillory
11
Transportation
12
Punishment in the Colonial Period
13
Reform of the Criminal Law 17761825
21
Conclusion
158
References
159
Cases Cited
163
Worldwide Perspective
165
Imprisonment
168
Australia
170
Canada
171
China
172

The Birth and Growth of the Penitentiary
29
Discipline
47
Social Context
49
The Development of the Penitentiary in the South
51
Chain Gangs and Convict Leasing
54
Convict Leasing
57
Reformatories Parole Probation and Jails
63
Reformatories
64
Parole
66
Probation
67
Jails
72
The Rehabilitative Ideal
75
Punishment in the Community
77
Boot Camps
79
Intensive Supervision
80
House Arrest and Electronic Monitoring
81
DayReporting Centers
82
Vigilantism
86
Lynching
90
Getting Tough on Crime
94
References
99
Problems Controversies and Solutions
105
Explaining Punishment
109
The War on Drugs
112
Capital Punishment
116
Gender Issues
128
Boot Camps
130
Mass Imprisonment
132
Prison and Amenities
136
Caning Paddling and Flogging
139
Maximum and SuperMaximum Prisons
141
Privatizing Punishment
146
Mandatory Minimum Sentences Three Strikes and Youre Out
149
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
151
Punishing WhiteCollar Crime
156
England and Wales
176
Germany
178
Italy
180
Japan
181
Mexico
183
The Netherlands
184
Poland
186
South Africa
187
Punishments under Islamic Law
188
Punishment in Developing Countries
191
References
193
Chronology
197
Biographical Sketches
223
Jeremy Bentham 17481832
224
Zebulon Brockway 18271920
225
Robert L Dugdale 18411883
226
Thomas Eddy 17581827
227
John Howard 17261791
228
Cesare Lombroso 18351909
229
Benjamin Rush 17461813
230
Alexis de Tocqueville 18051859
231
Frederick H Wines 18381912
232
Facts and Data
233
Agencies and Organizations
251
Print and Nonprint Resources
259
Book Chapters and Journal and Media Articles
266
Cases Cited
282
Core Periodicals
285
Nonprint Resources
287
Internet Sites
290
Glossary
293
Index
303
About the Author
319
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Cyndi Banks is associate professor of criminal justice at Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ.

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