Quadruplets and Higher Multiple Births

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Dec 14, 2011 - Medical - 186 pages
The advent of hormonal infertility treatments and in vitro fertilization techniques have led to a sharp increase in the number of quadruplet and higher-order conceptions in recent years. Improved neonatal care and nutrition have meant that many more of these babies survive. Yet it appears that very little research has been done into the lives of such children and the psychodevelopmental consequences of their multiple status. In this book, Marie M. Clay brings together what is known from historical records and reports in the medical, psychological, and popular press. She points to the contribution that research studies on higher multiple sets could make to our understanding of genetic-environmental interactions and gives valuable methodological advice for those wishing to initiate such a study. Changes in social practices and medical knowledge are highlighted, various aspects of pregnancy and birth are discussed, and the practical and emotional problems faced by families of multiple sets are sensitively described. Appended to the book are an illustrated "Catalog" of quadruplet case reports gleaned from the literature, including birth details and postnatal histories, plus a directory of multiple birth associations, support groups, and study centers around the world.
 

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Contents

AN HISTORICAL CONTEXT
11
PREGNANCY AND BIRTH
30
PSYCHOLOGY AND HIGHER MULTIPLE BIRTHS
76
APPENDICES
95

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About the author (2011)

Marie M. Clay started off her career as a teacher before going on to work at the New Zealand Ministry of Education in the Psychological Services Department. Some time later, Clay went to work for the University of Auckland, where for the next thirty years, she trained other psychologists for their jobs. Clay used her knowledge of normal and clinical aspects of developmental psychology to teach others as a visiting professor at the Ohio State University, University of Illinois, Texas Woman's University, Oxford University, and the Institute of Education at the University of London. President of the International Reading Association from 1992-1993, Clay still advocates a literary awareness program that urges teachers to think about literary betterment and the power of writing.

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