Qualitative Indicators of Labour Standards: Comparative Methods and Applications

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David Kucera
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 11, 2007 - Social Science - 298 pages
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Recent years have witnessed a rapidly growing interest in the use and construction of "qualitative" indicators of labour standards. This is likely attributable to several factors: the rise of "socially responsible" investment, ongoing debates on the effects of labour standards on international competitiveness, and the sense that traditional quantitative indicators of labour standards are too narrow in scope to adequately capture the wide-ranging and inherently qualitative nature of many aspects of labour standards. Qualitative indicators, while generally having numerical values, are based on such methods as grading by experts, the coding of legislation, and the coding of other textual sources addressing violations of a more de facto nature. Measuring compliance with labour standards is an undertaking intrinsically fraught with difficulty. For there are a number of possible sources of measurement error, both random and non-random, that are unique to such indicators, on top of those that affect qualitative and quantitative indicators alike. The growing use of qualitative indicators of labour standards thus raises a number of questions about comparative methods of construction as well as the appropriateness of particular methods for particular applications. This volume results from a seminar that was organized to address these and related questions.

 

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Contents

Introduction and Overview DAVID KUCERA
1
Indicators of Labour Standards An Overview and Comparison RICHARD N BLOCK
26
Countrylevel Assessments of Labour Conditions in Emerging MarketsAn Approach for Institutional Investors DAN VIEDERMAN AND ERIN KLETT
57
Decent Work Standards and Indicators MONIQUE ZARKAMARTRES
83
The Quantification of Respect for Selected Core Labour StandardsTowards a Social Development Index ? LUDO CUYVERS AND DANIEL VAN D...
115
Measuring Trade Union Rights by Violations of These Rights DAVID KUCERA
145
Taking Labour Laws to the Domestic Dentist Measuring CountriesCompliance with International Labour Nondiscrimination Standards MIRIAM AB...
182
Towards an Index of Core Rights Gaps W R BÖHNING
211
Employment Protection in Industrialized Countries The Case for New Indicators GIUSEPPE BERTOLA TITO BOERI SANDRINE CAZES
237
Measuring Concealed Rights Violations The Case of Forced Labour PATRICK BELSER MICHAËLLE DE COCK AND FARHAD MEHRAN
254
Author Index
285
Subject Index
287
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About the author (2007)

JANINE BERG is Labour Economist with the International Labour Office in Geneva, Switzerland. She is the author of "Miracle for Whom? Chilean Workers under Free Trade" and "Meeting the Employment Challenge: Argentina, Brazil and Mexico in the Global Economy," DAVID KUCERA is Senior Research Economist at the International Labour Organization. He is author of "Gender, Growth and Trade" and editor and contributor to "Qualitative Indicators of Labour Standards," as well as the author of articles on the economic impact of labour standards and related topics.

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