Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches

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SAGE, 2007 - Social Science - 395 pages
5 Reviews

"Creswell does an excellent job categorizing the various qualitative methods into five approaches: narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case study...The author has expanded on and updated the information he presented in the first edition of the book (Creswell, 1998), including discussion of the various schools of thought that have developed among qualitative researchers since the mid 1990's...Qualitative Inquiry & Research Design: Choosing among five approaches is a highly informative book; researchers will likely return again and against to the book as they expand their comfort zone within qualitative research."

Peggy M. Delmas, University of Alabama

“Creswell has produced an even more outstanding and valuable text for qualitative research than the First Edition.”
—Edith King, University of Denver

Like the bestselling First Edition, this new version explores the philosophical underpinnings, history, and key elements of each of five qualitative inquiry approaches: narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case study. Using an accessible and engaging writing style, author John W. Creswell compares theoretical frameworks, ways to employ standards of quality, and strategies for writing introductions to studies, collecting data, analyzing data, writing a narrative, and verifying results.

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Qualitative method is fixable; it enables the researcher to embrace one or more strategies of inquiry

accurate fast and clean

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Rationale for This Book
Selection of the Five Approaches
Narrative Research
Philosophical Paradigm and Interpretive Frameworks
Field Issues
Documents and Audiovisual Materials
Storing Data
Five Approaches Compared

Questions for Discussion
Paradigms or Worldviews
Interpretive Communities
Postmodern Perspectives
Critical Theory and Critical Race Theory CRT
Queer Theory
Disability Theories
Additional Readings
Designing a Qualitative Study
Questions for Discussion
When to Use Qualitative Research
The Process of Designing a Qualitative Study
The General Structure of a Plan or Proposal
Additional Readings
Five Qualitative Approaches to Inquiry
Types of Narrative Studies
Procedures for Conducting Narrative Research
Types of Phenomenology
Procedures for Conducting Phenomenological Research
Types of Grounded Theory Studies
Procedures for Conducting Grounded Theory Research
Ethnographic Research
Types of Ethnographies
Procedures for Conducting an Ethnography
Case Study Research
Types of Case Studies
The Five Approaches Compared
Five Different Qualitative Studies
Questions for Discussion
A Phenomenological Study Anderson Spencer 2002 see Appendix C
A Grounded Theory Study Morrow Smith 1995 see Appendix D
An Ethnographic Study Haenfler 2004 see Appendix E
A Case Study Asmussen Creswell 1995 see Appendix F
Differences Among the Approaches
Introducing and Focusing the Study
The Research Problem
The Purpose Statement
The Research Questions
Additional Readings
Data Collection
The Data Collection Circle
The Site or Individual
Access and Rapport
Purposeful Sampling Strategy
Forms of Data
Recording Procedures
Data Analysis and Representation
Three Analysis Strategies
The Data Analysis Spiral
Analysis Within Approaches to Inquiry
Phenomenological Analysis and Representation
Grounded Theory Analysis and Representation
Ethnographic Analysis and Representation
Case Study Analysis and Representation
Comparing the Five Approaches
Advantages and Disadvantages
A Sampling of Computer Programs
Use of Computer Software Programs With the Five Approaches
How to Choose Among the Computer Programs
Additional Readings
Writing a Qualitative Study
Questions for Discussion
Audience for Our Writings
Quotes in Our Writings
Narrative Research Structure
Embedded Rhetorical Structure
Phenomenological Structure
Embedded Rhetorical Structure
Grounded Theory Structure
Overall Rhetorical Structure
Embedded Rhetorical Structure
Ethnographic Structure
Embedded Rhetorical Structure
Case Study Structure
Embedded Rhetorical Structure
A Comparison of Narrative Structures
Standards of Validation and Evaluation
Validation and Reliability in Qualitative Research
Validation Strategies
Reliability Perspectives
Evaluation Criteria
Narrative Research
Phenomenological Research
Grounded Theory Research
Ethnographic Research
Case Study Research
Comparing the Evaluation Standards of the Five Approaches
Additional Readings
Turning the Story and Conclusion
Turning the Story
A Case Study
A Phenomenology
A Grounded Theory Study
An Ethnography
An Annotated Glossary of Terms
A Narrative Research Study On the Bus With Vonnie Lee Explorations in Life History and Metaphor
A Phenomenological Study Cognitive Representations of AIDS
A Grounded Theory Study Constructions of Survival and Coping by Women Who Have Survived Childhood Sexual Abuse
An Ethnography Rethinking Subcultural Resistance Core Values of the Straight Edge Movement
A Case Study Campus Response to a Student Gunman
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Author

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About the author (2007)

John W. Creswell is a Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. He teaches courses on mixed methods research, qualitative inquiry, and general research design. In these three areas, he has authored numerous scholarly journal articles, book chapters and books. He is currently working on his 22nd book (including new editions), and his books are translated into many languages around the world. At Nebraska he founded the Office of Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research and has held the Clifton Endowed Chair. He also co-founded the SAGE journal, the Journal of Mixed Methods Research, and has been a popular speaker on mixed methods and qualitative research in the US and abroad. As an applied research methodologist, he served as an Adjunct Professor of Family Medicine at the University of Michigan and as a consultant for the VA health services research unit in Ann Arbor, Michigan. As a methodologist, he helped to design the methods for a number of successful NIH and NSF projects. He has been a Senior Fulbright Specialist scholar to both South Africa (2008) and Thailand (2012) lecturing on qualitative and mixed methods approaches to research. Recently, he served as a co-leader of a national working group developing “best practices” for mixed methods research at the National Institutes of Health in the US. Visit him at his Web site: johnwcreswell.com.

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