Queenship and Sanctity: The Lives of Mathilda and the Epitaph of Adelheid (Medieval Texts in Translation)
At the dawn of the second millennium, authors from monasteries in Burgundy and northern Germany recorded the lives and deaths of two powerful and pious women, Mathilda (d. 968) and Adelheid (d. 999). Both were extolled as saints, exemplary figures guided by God and witnessing to His grace. Unlike most other holy women, however, Mathilda and Adelheid were not ascetic nuns, but queens. They were deemed worthy of praise not only for their devotion to God and their lives of faith, but for integrating these traditional virtues with more ""worldly"" attributes: noble birth, royal marriage, political power and illustrious offspring. In turn, the saintly reputations of both women were used by their biographers to advance the interests not only of their own ecclesiastical communities, but of a new generation of secular rulers. This volume brings together in English the anonymous ""Lives of Mathilda"" and Odilo of Cluny's ""Epitaph of Adelheid"". With an introduction placing the texts and their subjects in historical and hagiographical context, it provides teachers and students with a crucial set of sources for the history of Europe (particularly Germany) in the 10th and 11th centuries, for the development of sacred biography and medieval notions of sanctity, and for the life of aristocratic and royal and royal women in the early Middle Ages. In addition, two appendices present contemporary accounts of Mathilda by the monk and historian Widukind of Corvey, and a survey of the evidence for Mathilda's ancestral ties to the legendary Saxon hero Widukind, whose defeat by Charlemagne in the late eighth century ultimately led to Saxony's assimilation into the Frankish church and kingdom.
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abbess abbot Adelheid Aeneid Archbishop Bauer and Rau Bavaria beloved Berengar Bishop blessed Bornscheuer brother Brun Burgundy Carolingian century Christ Christian Chronicon church Cluniac Cluny Conrad Corbet daughter death deeds Dietrich divine domina Duke emperor empress father female Francia Gandersheim Gerberga Gerd Althoff God’s holy hagiography Henry’s honor Hrotswitha husband Ibid illustrious imperial Italy King Henry King Otto king’s kingdom later Leyser Liudolf Lives of Mathilda Lord Lothar Maiolus marriage Mathilda memory Merovingian Merseburg Miseriae Regum monastery monastic mother necrology noble Nordhausen Odilo Odilo of Cluny Otto II Otto’s Peebles Pöhlde praise prayer Quedlinburg Queen Mathilda Radegund Res Gestae Ricburg role royal Rudolf ruler sacred biography saints ottoniens sanctity Saxon Schiitte Schmid soul Sulpicius Severus texts Theophanu Thietmar Thietmar of Merseburg tion trans University Press Venantius venerable queen virtues Vita VMA’s Waltbert West Francia Widukind Widukmd wife Wigbert Wildeshausen women