Queensland Geographical Journal: Including the Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Queensland, Volumes 5-10
Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Queensland., 1889 - Australasia
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A. C. Gregory aboriginal altitude annual Antarctic Australia Brisbane British New Guinea canoes Cape Capt Captain carvings cave climate coast colony colour continent Council dialects district east European Excellency expedition exploration feet Fiji Fijian flood Geological Government Gulf Harbour height Honorary honour interesting island J. P. THOMSON Kamilaroi kangaroo Kumbo land latitude maps meridian miles Mount Mount Musgrave Mount Victoria mountain Murray natives Norman northern observations occupied ocean ORDINARY MEETING ordinary monthly meeting Owen Stanley Range paper Papuan Port Port Moresby Possession present President PROCEEDINGS Queensland Branch rainfall Range regions remarkable river rock Royal Geographical Society Scottish Geographical Secretary SESSION shores side Sir William MacGregor Society of Australasia South Wales southern stream Street sub-classes surface Survey tion totems trees tribe vessels Victoria village western Western Australia winds Zealand
Page 43 - The true sound of the word as locally pronounced will be taken as the basis of the spelling. 4. An approximation, however, to the sound is alone aimed at. A system which would attempt to represent the more delicate inflections of sound and accent would be so complicated as only to defeat itself.
Page 42 - ... but that an attempt to provide for such niceties would defeat the object. The adoption by others of the system thus settled has been more general than the council ventured to hope. The charts and maps 'issued by the Admiralty and War Office have been, since 1885, compiled and extensively revised in accordance with it. The Foreign and Colonial Offices have accepted it, and the latter has communicated with the colonies requesting them to carry it out in respect to names of native origin. Even more...
Page 45 - They represented tolerable figures of sharks, porpoises, turtles, lizards (of which I saw several small ones among the rocks), trepang, starfish, clubs, canoes, water-gourds, and some quadrupeds, which were probably intended to represent kangaroos and dogs.
Page 43 - One accent only is used, the acute, to denote the syllable on which stress is laid. This is very important, as the sounds of many names are entirely altered by the misplacement of this
Page 43 - Every letter is pronounced. When two vowels come together each one is sounded, though the result when...
Page 10 - ... feet, would add only a narrow belt to the Pacific Coast between Alaska and Cape Horn, while the gain of land on the Atlantic slope of America between 30° NL and 40° SL would not be much greater. In the higher latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, however, very considerable geographical changes would be accomplished by a much less amount of elevation of the plateau. Were the continental plateau to be upheaved for 3000 feet, the major portion of the Arctic Sea would become land.
Page 42 - ... orthography is a necessity. It is hardly too much to say that in the English language every possible combination of letters has more than one possible pronunciation. A strange word, or name, even in our own language is frequently mispronounced. How much more with words of languages utterly unknown to the reader. The same necessity does not arise in most continental languages. In them a definite combination of letters indicates a definite sound, and each nation consequently has spelt foreign words...
Page 44 - Accents should not generally be used, but where there is a very decided emphatic syllable or stress, which affects the sound of the word, it should be marked by an acute accent.
Page 42 - The object aimed at was to provide a system which should be simple enough for any educated person to master with the minimum of trouble and which at the same time would afford an approximation to the sound of a place-name such as a native might recognise. No attempt was made to represent the numberless delicate inflexions of sound and tone which belong to every language, often to different dialects of the same language.