Questions adapted to Mitford's History of Greece

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Page 275 - ... storm, and it would burst with energy. Such a leader appeared in Aristomenes, a youth whose high natural spirit was still elevated by the opinion of his descent from Hercules through a long race of Messenian kings. When, therefore, others were proposing a revolt, Aristomenes \vas foremost to act in it.
Page 281 - Hippias and his principal partisans dreaded, and therefore sent their children out of the garrison, to be conveyed to a place of safety. They fell into the enemy's hands; and the fathers, unable by any other means to save them, consented to surrender Athens and leave its territory in five days. Hippias retired to Sigeium on the Hellespont, which was under the government of Hegesistratus, his natural brother, who had been established there by Peisistratus. The Lacedemonians were at this time by far...
Page 274 - ... subdued Messenia. This violent resolution thus solemnly taken, Ampheia, a small town advantageously situated for covering the frontier, became their first object A body of troops, led by their king Alcamenes, entered it by night: the gates being open and no guard kept, as no hostilities were apprehended. The place was taken with scarcely anj resistance ; and all the inhabitants, except a few who escaped by flight, were put to the sword.
Page 276 - Crataemenes of Samos, and Perieres of Chalcis. Anaxilas, now prince of Rhegium, was of Messenian race. Hearing, therefore, of this second catastrophe of his mother-country, he sent to inform the Messenians at Cyllene, that there was in his neighbourhood a valuable territory, and a town most commodiously situated, which should be theirs if they would assist him in dispossessing the present proprietors, his inveterate enemies. The offer was accepted ; the confederates, victorious by sea and land, besieged...
Page 313 - ... his warrant sufficed for searching every house for corn. All resources at length failing, he gave the word, and a herald was sent to Agesilaus, requesting a truce, that ministers might carry to Lacedaemon a decree of the Phliasian people for surrendering the city to the pleasure of the Lacedaemonian government.
Page 274 - Grecian town of Sicily. A prosperous beginning here, as in Italy, invited more attempts. It was, according to Thucydides, in the very next year after the founding of Naxus, that Archias, a Corinthian, of Heracleid race, led a colony to Sicily. To the southward of Naxus, but still on the eastern coast, he found a territory of uncommon fertility, with a harbour singularly safe and commodious. Within the harbour, and barely detached from the shore, was an island, about two miles in circumference, plentifully...
Page 278 - Phocaeans, hard pressed, obtained a truce for a day, upon pretence of considering about a capitulation. They made use of it for flight: putting their families and most valuable effects aboard their vessels, they escaped to Chios. The Persian .took possession of the empty town. All that the Phocaeans wanted was a seaport and security : the rest their activity would supply.
Page 293 - Pericles had projected, was unfortunately far from insuring it ; and, when war began anywhere, though among the most distant settlements of the Grecian people, how far it might extend was not to be foreseen. A dispute between two Asiatic states, of the Athenian confederacy, led Athens into a war which greatly endangered the truce made for thirty years, when it had scarcely lasted B. c 440 01 s'x< Miletus and Samos, each claiming the sovereignty of Priene, originally a free Grecian com
Page 276 - ... coast they should direct their course. Some were for Zacynthus, some for Sardinia ; but winter being already set in, it was soon agreed to put off the determination till spring. In the interval a fortunate occurrence offered. On the taking of Ithome in the former war, some Messenians, joining with some adventurers from Chalcis, in Euboea, had wandered to Italy, and there founded the town of Rhegium. These colonists had perpetual variance with the...
Page 275 - Messeniaiis were so satisfied with the behaviour of Aristomenes, that they would have raised him to the throne. He prudently refused that invidious honor, but accepted the office of commander-in-chief of the forces. The first adventure related of this hero, after his elevation, sounds romantic ; but the age was romantic, and his situation required no common conduct. His principal friend and constant companion was...

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