Race, Gender, and Punishment: From Colonialism to the War on Terror

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Rutgers University Press, 2007 - History - 232 pages
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The disproportionate representation of black Americans in the U.S. criminal justice system is well documented. Far less well-documented are the entrenched systems and beliefs that shape punishment and other official forms of social control today. In this book, Mary Bosworth and Jeanne Flavin bring together twelve original essays by prominent scholars to examine not only the discrimination that is evident, but also the structural and cultural forces that have influenced and continue to perpetuate the current situation. Contributors point to four major factors that have impacted public sentiment and criminal justice policy: colonialism, slavery, immigration, and globalization. In doing so they reveal how practices of punishment not only need particular ideas about race to exist, but they also legitimate them. The essays unearth troubling evidence that testifies to the nation's brutally racist past, and to white Americans' continued fear of and suspicion about racial and ethnic minorities. The legacy of slavery on punishment is considered, but also subjects that have received far less attention such as how colonizers' notions of cultural superiority shaped penal practices, the criminalization of reproductive rights, the link between citizenship and punishment, and the global export of crime control strategies. Uncomfortable but necessary reading, this book provides an original critique of why and how the criminal justice system has emerged as such a racist institution.Mary Bosworth is university lecturer in criminology and fellow of Saint Cross College at the University of Oxford. Jeanne Flavin is an associate professor in the sociology and anthropology department at Fordham University in New York.A volume in the Critical Issues in Crime and Society Series, edited by Raymond J. Michalowski
 

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Contents

Immigration
2
Situating Colonialism Race and Punishment
3
Gheeta Chowdhry and Mark Beeman
13
Reading Alaskan Native Culture
32
Colonialism and Its Impact on Mexicans Experiences
49
The Impact of Race Gender
65
Slaverys Legacy in Contemporary Attempts
95
Kitty Calavita
117
Identity Citizenship and Punishment
134
From Domestic to Global
167
Latina Imprisonment and the War on Drugs
184
Jeanne Flavin and Mary Bosworth
216
Index
229
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Page 199 - Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment...
Page 222 - Decisions must be judged in light of what they do for the poor, what they do to the poor, and what they enable the poor to do for themselves.

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